Biography Of Edgar Allan Poe Essay

950 words - 4 pages

Edgar Allan Poe lived a short and hard life. He only lived to be forty years old. People that he cared about kept dying around him. It is believed that his stories gradually got darker as more people he loved died. Poe hardly ever made any money from his writing. Besides when he lived with his foster parents, he was always poor.
Edgar Allan Poe was born January 19, 1809. His parents were David Poe and Eliza Arnold. David Poe abandoned the family while Edgar was still a toddler. His mother died of tuberculosis before he was even three years old. John and Frances Allan became his foster parents. They were the ones who added “Allan” as his middle name (Meltzer 23). John Allan was a wealthy tobacco exporter, and he sent Edgar to some of the best boarding schools. He also attended the University of Virginia when he was sixteen and a half. However, he was forced to leave the school less than a year later because he was unable to pay debts he owed from gambling. His relationship with John Allan fell apart, and he stopped giving him money.
In the year of 1827 Edgar Allan Poe enrolled in the United States Army. He probably enrolled for the money, which he definitely needed. That same year he published his first booklet, “Tamerlane and Other Poems”. Unfortunately, it received almost no notice at all. In the preface Poe claimed that he wrote the poems when he was only thirteen years old. Also in the preface, it says “They were of course not intended for publication; why they are now published concerns no one but himself”. Surprisingly, Poe never signed himself as the author of the booklet. Instead it was signed as By a Bostonian (The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore). Today there are only twelve known copies of “Tamerlane and Other Poems”. Since it is so rare, a copy of it sold for over $200,000!
After serving two years in the military, Poe decided to quit. His foster mother Frances Allan, whom he dearly loved, passed away. John Allan softened his heart towards Poe after her death, and agreed to help him gain entrance to West Point. West Point was a United States Military Academy. Again he was forced to leave because of the lack of money. He moved into a house with his aunt Maria Clemm and her daughter Virginia Clemm lived in. In 1836 Poe married his young cousin, Virginia Clemm, when she was only 13 years old.
Edgar Allan Poe wrote the first detective story ever printed, “The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” It was published April 1841. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who created the Sherlock Holmes stories, said that Poe “was the father of the detective tale, and covered its limits so completely that I...

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