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Edgar Allan Poe ‘Annabel Lee’: A Study Of Persona And Metaphor.

999 words - 4 pages


“Annabel Lee” unraveled such heart-breaking yet beautiful love story between a boy and a girl. Their love was powerful than those who were older and far wiser than them that even the angels were envious of their relationship. And this was the reason the wind chilled and killed the beautiful Annabel Lee. Due to the love so strong, everything reminded the persona of Annabel Lee including the moon and the stars as he lies by her tomb. Throughout the poem, the study will focus on persona and metaphor.
Persona has played a vital role in poetry in which the poet uses to deliver perspectives on life or world-views. Generally, persona is a “mask” that the poet uses to create the speaker of a poem. In this poem, Poe has made it clear that the character of the persona is a lover to a young maiden named Annabel Lee. In the first stanza from line 1 till 6, their love story was compared to fairy tale whereby both of the young lovers lived in a kingdom by the sea.
“It was many and many a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.”
However, the atmosphere of the poem changed when Annabel Lee died from a terrible disease. The tragedy resulted into a transition of the persona’s character from someone who was head over heels into a broken-hearted man by way of illustration from the sixth stanza, line 34 to 41.
“For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling-my darling-my life and my bride,
In her sepulchre there by the sea-
In the tomb by the sounding sea.”
Despite the fact that the persona is not suppose to link with the biographical figure of the poet but one could reasonably argue that the character of the persona might exemplifies Edgar Allan Poe’s own life where many believed that the last poem written by him was inspired by his late wife, Virginia Poe that died when she was 19 due to contracted tuberculosis. As quoted from Welch (1849), “although at least for of Poe’s women friends claimed to have inspired “Annabel Lee”, the poet’s real motivation may be a reflection of his continued mourning for his wife, Virginia, who died two years earlier “.
Meanwhile, metaphor is one of the main figurative tools used in this poem. It is a figure of speech that compares things that are unalike to make the reader see them as similar in some way. We strongly believe that the entire poem is a metaphor for a man with a broken heart and his love that was too strong that even death could not tear his love apart as we can clearly see in the stanza 5, line 30 to 34.
“And neither the angels in Heaven above
Nor the demons down under the sea
Can ever dissever my soul from the...

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