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Edgar Allen Poe. Essay

1089 words - 4 pages

Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, known as a poet and critic but mostfamous as the "master of the short-story form" ( Edgar Allan Poe), especiallytales of the "mysterious and macabre" ( Edgar Allan Poe). The literary meritsof Poe's writings have been debated since his death, but his works have remainedpopular and many major American and European writers have "professed theirartistic debt to him" ( Edgar Allan Poe).Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. Poe wasthe son of "poverty stricken" (Edgar Allan Poe) actors, David and Elizabeth Poe.After his mother died in Richmond, Va., in 1811, Poe was orphaned. At an earlyage he was taken in a raised by John Allan, a "successful" (Edgar Allan Poe)business man of Richmond, Va. Taken by the Allan family at the age of six, Poewas placed into a private school in Scotland, England in 1815.Upon returning to the United States in 1820, he continued to study in privateschools. He attended the University of Virginia for a year, but in 1827 hisfoster father, "displeased by the young man's drinking and gambling" (Untermeyer555), refused to pay his debts and forced him to "return to Richmond to find hissweetheart, (Sarah) Elmira Royster" (Woodberry 24) and work as a clerk. Poe,disliking his new duties, he quit his job and went to Boston. There, his firstbook, Tamerlane and Other Poems, "a pamphlet of youthful Byronic poems,"(Woodberry 39), was published in 1827.Shortly afterward, poverty forced Poe to join the U.S. Army under the name ofEdgar A. Perry and he served a two year term In 1829, when Poe's foster motherdied, "John Allan purchased his release from the Army and he helped Poe ingetting him an appointment to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point"(Woodberry 47). Before going, Poe published a second volume at Baltimore, AlAaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems. " He successfully sought expulsion from theacademy, where he was absent from all drills and classes for a week" (Woodberry47). " After a few months at the academy Poe was dismissed for not doing hisduties and his foster father disowned him permanently" (Untermeyer 555).Poe moved to New York City and his third book, Poems, came out in 1831, and thenext year he moved to Baltimore, where he began to write stories. He lived withhis aunt and her 11 year old daughter, Virginia Clemm. In 1833 his tale " A MS.found in a Bottle" won $50.00 in a contest sponsored by the Baltimore Weekly(Edgar Allan Poe)."From 1835 to 1837 Poe was an editor of the Southern Liberty Messenger" (EdgarAllan Poe). "In 1836 he made a name as a critical reviewer and married hisyoung cousin Virginia, who was only 13 years old" (Edgar Allan Poe). Poe seemedto have been an affectionate husband and son-in-law.Poe was fired from his job in Richmond, apparently for drinking , and went toNew York City. "Drinking was in fact to be the bane of his life. To talk wellin a large company he needed a slight stimulant, but a glass of sherry mightstart him on a spree;...

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