Edgar Allen Poe’s Contribution To World Culture

1068 words - 4 pages

Edgar Allan Poe's contributions to American literature have become increasingly more prominent as the years have passed. As short fiction has become a more accepted genre in literary circles, Poe's theories are studied with more passion. Although he lived a rather melancholy existence, Poe did experience moments of joy, and desired to capture beauty through poetical form. He is also credited as the inventor of the mystery-fiction novel with short stories such as, “The Raven” and “Annabel Lee”. Indeed, what he left behind for the literary world was his gifted genius, revealed through his poetry, fiction, and criticism.
The darkness that seemed to surround Poe's life began as an infant. Poe was born January 19, 1809 in Boston Massachusetts, the second son of David and Eliza Poe. Soon afterward, David Poe abandoned the family. Two-years later Eliza passed away, succumbing to tuberculosis. After her death, Poe, his infant sister, Rosalie, and his brother William were separated. William was sent to live with their paternal grandparents. Poe moved to Richmond Virginia to live with John and Fannie Allan, Rosalie was taken in by another family in Richmond. John Allen was a successful Scottish merchant who had business dealing with tobacco, cloth, wheat, tombstones, and slaves. Poe was baptized in the Episcopal Church in 1812. The family sailed to Britain in 1815, where Poe attended the grammar school in Irvine, Scotland. He rejoined his family in London in 1816. Until summer of 1817, he studied at a boarding school in Chelsea. In March of 1826, Poe was engaged to Sarah Elmira Royster. In February 1826, he left for University of Virginia to study languages. During his stay in the University, he became distant with Royster and also became increasingly habitual to gambling. His gambling debts made him estranged from his foster father. After a year of attending University, Poe dropped out and learned that his wife cheated on him and married Alexander Shelton and traveled to Boston. So, he didn’t return to Richmond and stayed in Boston doing odd jobs such as clerk and newspaper writer.
In May of 1827, Poe enlisted in the United States Army as a private under the name Edgar A. Perry of age 22. His first posting was in Fort Independence in Boston Harbor and was paid with a salary of five dollars a month. In 1827, he published his first book, “Tamerlane and Other Poems”, which was a forty page poetry collection. Before the completion of his five-year enlistment, Poe revealed his true name and his circumstances to his commanding officer, Lieutenant Howard. Howard was ready to discharge him on one condition, Poe should reconcile with his foster father John Allan and write a letter to him. Poe was finally discharged from the Army on April 15, 1829. After being discharged from the army, Poe went to Baltimore to stay with his widowed aunt Maria Clemm, her daughter, Virginia Eliza Clemm and his brother Henry. In 1829, during his stay in Baltimore, Poe...

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