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Education Essay

3020 words - 12 pages

Education in EnglandFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Education in England

Department for Education Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

Secretary of State (Education) Minister for Universities and Science (BIS)

Michael Gove David Willetts

National education budget (2008-09)

Budget

£62.2 billion[1][2]

General details

Primary languages

English

System type

National

Compulsory education

1880

Literacy (2003[3])

Total

99 %

Male

99 %

Female

99 %

Enrollment

Total

11.7 million

Primary

4.4 million[4]

Secondary

3.6 million[4]

Post secondary

3.7 million[5][6]

Attainment

Secondary diploma

Level 2 and above: 70.7%
Level 3 and above: 50.6%

Post-secondary diploma

Level 4 and above: 30.9%
(2007 statistics for population aged 19-64)[7]

Education in England is overseen by the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Local authorities (LAs) take responsibility for implementing policy for public education and state schools at a local level.The education system is divided into early years (ages 3-4), primary education (ages 4-11), secondary education (ages 11-18) and tertiary education (ages 18+).Full-time education is compulsory for all children aged between 5 and 17 (from 2013, and up to 18 from 2015), either at school or otherwise, with a child beginning primary education during the school year he or she turns 5.[8] Students may then continue their secondary studies for a further two years (sixth form), leading most typically to A-level qualifications, although other qualifications and courses exist, including Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC) qualifications, the International Baccalaureate (IB) and the Cambridge Pre-U. The leaving age for compulsory education was raised to 18 by the Education and Skills Act 2008. The change takes effect in 2013 for 16-year-olds and 2015 for 17-year-olds.[9] State-provided schooling and sixth form education is paid for by taxes. England also has a tradition of independent schooling, but parents may choose to educate their children by any suitable means.Higher education often begins with a three-year bachelor's degree. Postgraduate degrees include master's degrees, either taught or by research, and the doctorate, a research degree that usually takes at least three years. Universities require a Royal Charter in order to issue degrees, and all but one are financed by the state via tuition fees, which cost up to £9,000 per academic year for English, Welsh and EU students.Contents1 History of English education2 Education to the age of 182.1 State-funded schools2.2 Independent schools2.3 Sixth form colleges / further education colleges2.4 Education by means other than schooling3 Higher education3.1 Postgraduate education3.2 Specialist qualifications3.3 Fees4 Adult education5 Progression6 Criticism7 See also8 References9 External linksHistory of English educationMain article: History...

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