Rather than emphasizing on maintaining discipline in a classroom, classroom management would be more appropriate for an effective teacher. Discipline has two significant limitations such that discipline highlights the individual rather than the classroom and secondly it connotes negative behavior (352). Whereas classroom management is broadly defined as “all of those positive behaviors and decisions a teacher makes to facilitate the learning process of their students” also reiterating all of those “activities necessary to create and maintain an orderly learning environment” (352). The reason why creating an effective classroom management plan is essential is to create a positive and productive learning environment, be able to work and communicate with the students, “reduce the incidents of misbehavior” while maintaining student interest, motivation, and involvement.
Everyone classroom is diverse since not one person is the same. Keeping this concept in mind, it is important to understand that everyone, primarily the students, have different cultural beliefs, values and attitudes. Some students may also come from a single parent home or may have their family going through a divorce. By understanding each student and their various cultural diversities, it will help the effective teacher produce a stronger level of communication with their students and encourage a productive learning environment. It is important to acknowledge each students differences and not ignore their needs outside the academic setting.
With the focus of creating an effective classroom management plan, it is essential to define rules and implement them so they may be clearly and easily understood. While establishing rules it is important to remember that the goal is “to establish and maintain an effective learning environment” (361). While developing rules for the classroom, it is best that the list of rules be few yet clear and concise. “It is also important to involve the students in the development of these rules; this not only facilitates their understanding and ownership but also cultivates their sense of power and self-esteem” (362). The effective teacher will realize that by including students into the decision making process of their own classroom management, they are encouraging a more productive learning environment. It is counterproductive to enforce rules that do not result in effective teaching such as demanding the children to be “quite at all times, sit perfectly still, or attend to tasks regardless of the task’s level of ‘worthwhileness’” (362).
As always, there should be consequences when the rules are broken. This does not necessarily mean that the consequences are negative but they should actually be positive. The uses of positive consequences or reinforcement are for compliance purposes on behalf of the child. Whereas “negative consequences can be effective in...