Education and development are two concepts closely tied; it would seem as though education yields development and vice versa. They have a mutualistic relationship, and this is evident in a multitude of ways. To fully understand the relationship between development and education, it is necessary to understand the drivers of education. People, culture, politics, and more all contribute to what is taught in schools, and the intentions that the education system has in terms of what is best for the community. There are certain challenges education systems face in terms of culture, gender discrimination, low resources et cetera that also indicate the relationship between education and development. Lastly and perhaps most importantly, there are outcomes of education, one of which is development but also encompasses social, economic, and political growth, all which contribute to a societies development.
Most people have a fairly concrete understanding of what education is, but development is more of an enigma, so it’s helpful to understand what is called the “six different dimensions of the education context in developing countries,” (Harber and Davies, 2005). They list these off as: “the demographic context, the economic context, the resource context, the context of violence, the health context, and the cultural context.” It is important to grasp what development is in order to relate it to education.
The drivers of education are critical to the concept of education as we know it. The drivers of education are the stakeholders; they are the ones who determine what is being taught and why. They care about access; a critical aspect of development in terms of education, and they are concerned with quality and content as well as the benefits they will reap from the education system in which they are investing. Governments are a significant “driver” of education, which says a lot; the government is where the money is, and this means that the government significantly affects the education system. In terms of development, a developed country will most always have a better education system because it’s likely its government will emphasize funneling money into it versus, say, in developing countries, where money might be put towards poverty or disease prevention compared to education.
Organizations like the UN funnel money into education initiatives that stress education for all. This is a focus because in the long run, it’s ideal for all countries to be developed, and this can’t happen without education. And while it’s important that money be given to anti-disease and poverty organizations, in the long run, improving the education systems will alleviate these problems as well. So when government run organizations do this sort of thing, they have people’s best interests in mine, but also their own fiscal goals.
Parents and cultural/religious leaders are amongst other drivers of education. Parents have much of a say in what their children learn; in fact they...