This is an examination of the practice of distance education in Apartheid South Africa and its many achievements to human growth and development. It addresses the significance of education to the indigenous population in South Africa and the major contributors of distance education to improve the cultural and ethnic conditions in society, and its growth through the different phases of learning. The methods used included a thorough review of the literature that analyzed the practices and history of Apartheid, its challenges and impact on society sanctioned by laws that legalized a form of discrimination that denied non-whites access to education and equal standings as citizens. This ...view middle of the document...
The after effects continue to affect the delivery of education and its capacity to initiate change in South Africa. Consequently, the successes over the past 100 years continue to , bring about much needed human growth and development (Biao, 2012).
Educational System in South Africa
Conventional Education has a proven relationship and impact on social development and personal growth (Ndoye, 2008). The educational system in South Africa was important to understanding the process and direction for change. Its structure has allowed many entry and access to traditional and unconventional modes of learning. Education, especially higher education has for centuries been an important element of our lives and to society. It is critical to our well-being, health, and economic prosperity.
The structure of the education system in South African is much like the system in the United States (South African History online (2012). It is compulsory up to grade 9, whereas in the United States it is compulsory up to grade 10 or up to age 16. Many of the public universities and schools in South Africa receive the highest government funding, which provided the basis for how the transformation of the education system affected all levels of learners. In South Africa Preschool begins at age one through state mandates and State and federally funded pre-school educational programs. South Africa like the United States has three levels of education. From first to seventh grade is primary school. Grades eight to twelve is high school or secondary school while tertiary or university level is beyond 15 years old, which was the focus of distance education because after 12th grade students look for specialty areas to continue their education or begin to enter the workforce. This began the government's efforts to provide equality in the education system and the beginning of the transformation of the education system.
Distance Education, on the other hand has unified South Africa built global partnerships and improved the cultural and ethnic conditions in society and has overcome barriers created to access that suppressed a population. Its potential to effect change and progress in third world and underdeveloped countries has been paramount. The indigenous of South Africa now have access to open doors to virtual and conventional schools and universities through technologies that provide access to knowledge and information across the globe. Distance learning has been key to South Africa's moving forward and, today; it is used at the primary and secondary levels to provide both in-service and out- service programs to tackle problems such as literacy.
Educational challenges in South Africa
There were several contributing factors hindering access to distance education as well as traditional modes of learning. These included limited resources, as presented by one professor as well as students in an online math course at UNISA. Each lacked access to virtual...