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Education And Literacy Rates And Their Role In Poverty

1243 words - 5 pages

This letter is to request the federal government to take action on poverty within Canada. Poverty can be seen as an epidemic across our country that greatly affects the under-educated population, as well as significant other populations. Without sufficient amounts of education many individuals are not capable of earning an income that is high enough to subside their everyday expenses. Many individuals struggle just to afford the basic and proper necessities of life. Education and literacy rates within Canada are seemingly and adequately high, but too many Canadians also possess the lowest levels of numeracy and literacy. Not all individuals’ complete high school and obtain their diploma, adequate amounts drop out. For those individuals whom wish to pursue post-secondary education, many cannot afford it, and well paying jobs in Canada, on the most part, require higher levels of education, rather than just a high school diploma. Individuals who are already affected by poverty tend to not do so well in school. These are reasons why education and literacy rates play a great role in poverty.
Many individuals that attend high school tend to drop out. There are various reasons as to why they do so. These reasons vary from wrong decisions made by the individuals to the families and communities they come from (Ciuffetelli Parker, 2012). There is an 8 percent national high school drop out rate (Canadian Council on Social Development, 2007). All though the national drop out rate is significantly low, the percentage of individuals that drop out differ by province; there are higher drop out rates in the northern provinces and less in southern provinces. A significant amount of minimum wage jobs require at least a high school diploma, but if individuals do not possess one, they are not capable of getting one of these jobs. Not being able to even have a minimum wage job puts these individuals at a great risk of poverty. In Canada, 41.7 percent of the working-age population, ages 15 to 64, have an educational achievement less than high school, meaning they do not possess a high school diploma, and the poverty rate among these individuals is 24.2 percent (Canadian Council on Social Development, 2007). Not completing high school and obtaining a high school diploma puts individuals at risk of unemployment, which leads to poverty.
Upon completion of high school and obtaining their diploma, the majority of individuals wish to pursue further education in university or college. Many wish to do so, but many are also incapable of affording post-secondary education. The majority of those who attend post-secondary education depend on student loans and part-time jobs. Tuition fees are undoubtedly high and they continue to rise, increasing from 14 percent to 29 percent (Falvo, 2010). Unable of being qualified for loans or having a job, these individuals cannot pursue post-secondary education. Approximately 80 percent of post-secondary students plan to work during their...

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