Education and Training Comparisons
Education and training are two modes of learning and the phrases often appear interchangeable. Discerning the two is a matter of semantics for some, and for others, it’s a basic necessity (Loop, n.d.). The Oxford English Dictionary states training is “teaching a particular skill or type of behavior through regular practice and instruction” while education is described as “the process of educating or being educated, the theory and practice of teaching” (Gibbs, T., Brigden D., & Hellenber, D.,2004, pg. 5). Both training and education share the fact that both take place in both formal settings and informal ones. A formal setting for education is a school, ...view middle of the document...
Therefore, training answers the question ‘how’ in learning. Training results in both mental and manual skills (Essenhigh, 2000). Mental skills are such as accounting, programming, and engineering. Manual skills are such as flying a plane, plumbing, and carpentry (Kumar, 2011).
Table 1. The Difference between Education and Training
Note: Based on Arthur Chickering’s work in Education and Identity, Jossie-Bass, 1993. Retrieved from http://www.evolllution.com/opinions/education-versus-training-selecting-the-right-lifelong-learning-experience/
History of training roots back to the guild system. Training vocations varied from building, painting, baking, etc. During those times, training was referred to as “apprenticeships” where the apprentice learned particular trade working under the master builder, painter, baker, etc. Apprenticeships were reserved more for lower and middle class adults. As for education origins, this is a product of mediaeval university systems and was initially a rite reserved only for wealthy households (Kumar, 2011). Theory of education took the face of philosophy and theology courses, which were held in higher regard than other studies in the “Renaissance” era and still remained prominent in today’s society (Kumar, 2011).
“The question becomes: When to acquire more skills and knowledge and how?” (Fortino, 2014, para 2.) From a methodological point of view, training is entirely specific to acquiring particular skills even through the books used in this process. Education, however, is broad and less in depth, with a variety of books that students can borrow information from. Training takes the form of a course/seminar where there are different elements revolving around validating a skill within the course/seminar timetable. Education cannot be quantified by a period of time as its life-long (Kumar, 2011). While training encourages creativity and a series of answers being seen as accurate as long as they remain relevant to the skill, education is close ended with only answers from the books being termed as correct and all other ideas from the student deemed as wrong (Kumar, 2011).
Other factors that can enhance the distinction of education and training are such as age and employment. Learning begins around 2 years to 5 years of age and goes on throughout life. On the other hand, training is mainly reserved for adults. There are, however, cases where children are...