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Education In Afghanistan Essay

1074 words - 4 pages

Did you know Afghanistan’s education system is one of the weakest in the world? In 1996 a Muslim fundamentalist group, known as the Taliban, ruled the country (Mohammed, 2) which had a huge impact on education. Although both males and females education were effected, less females were attending school during this time. Within the area of Afghanistan, the schools and education have been considered a fundamental part of the past, present and every culture (Fabrizio). Afghanistan’s education system has struggled due to various conflicts as organizations from around the world have contributed to the improvement and quality of education throughout the region that has had a lasting impact on the Afghan people.
There is a majority of reasons that caused the education in Afghanistan to weaken and become one of the poorest worldwide. One of these reasons includes war which brought devastating violence into the country. The war was fought between the Soviets and the Afghan’s in 1978. By this time, the literacy rate for both males and females were very low. For males the literacy rate was eighteen percent and for females it was five percent. Furthermore, the enrollment rates for students attending schools were fifty-four percent for males and only twelve percent for females. From 1978 through 1992, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan and as the war continued to progress, two types of education systems emerged. One of the two was established by Mujaheddin groups with Western backing, while the other was provided by communist Soviets. As the two systems formed, the Soviets attempted to use their education system to force social changes on the rural Afghans. The Soviets style of social changes contradicted the Afghan’s religious and social values and threatened their traditional way of life. In response, the Afghan’s resisted. Throughout the Soviet invasion, nearly eighty percent of school buildings were demolished and damaged. During the process, a large number of qualified teachers were killed (Mohammed, 3). Later on in 1989, Afghanistan defeated the Soviets, as to which did not bring tangible improvements to the education system (Mohammed, 4). As a result, the civil war occurred shortly afterwards causing many schools to be destroyed and the education process as a whole was negatively affected in Afghanistan (Qazi).
The Taliban was another major problem but different issues. The Taliban had control of most everything due to the strict and harsh laws they put forth. Some of these laws made women wear head-to-toe veils and jailed men whose beards were deemed too short. They also banned television as well (Fabrizio). With the Taliban in control, females were not allowed to participate in the education system because the Taliban’s policy maintained that education was not fit for women (Mohammed, 2) (Fabrizio). Other than some religious education, girls and women were forbidden to learn. Even for men, the curriculum was highly dominated by devout studies...

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