Education In North Korea Essay

1865 words - 7 pages

North Korea is known worldwide as a nation of secrecy. The Kim Dynasty has made an effort to dictate all thoughts that enter the mind of each North Korean citizen. The government ensures that schools strictly teach of the Dear Leader and Communism. The main goal of the country is to raise Kim-respecting workers. Students are taught basic subjects in mostly inadequate facilities. The government restricts all learning that could be from outside the country. The education of the average North Korean is incomparable to those living elsewhere in the world due to the North Korean dictator suppressing information from his own country and the world in order to hold power.
North Koreans spend the same average amount of time in school as countries with "very high human development" ("Mean years of schooling [of adults] [years]"). Children start kindergarten at age 5 and attend school for a total of 11 years. Students are enrolled in kindergarten, four years of primary school, and six years of secondary school. In primary school, main topics include Kim history, Korean language, mathematics, Communism, and art. Students then continue to either a secondary school that elaborates on primary school ideas, are admitted to one specifically for mathematics, science, or history, or attend a "No. 1 high school." The education a student receives will adequately prepare the student for a government-assigned job (De Capua 24). Ideas of teamwork and submitting to authority are woven into lessons from the very beginning of North Korean schooling.
The time students spend in school is different than the United State's school schedule. North Korean school is in session March to June and September to late December. School is held Monday through Saturday. Weekday hours resemble those of the United States; classes begin at 8:00 A.M. and end at 3:00 P.M. On Saturdays, students only attend school from 8:00 A.M. to noon. Besides the "No. 1 high schools," schooling in North Korea is all free and public. Students are required to wear uniforms to school. Also, students are expected to work hard in school since only the wealthiest can afford any other activities (De Capua 26).
The majority of citizens are drafted to the military between ages 17 and 26 and are required to serve seven years ("North Korea- Military Conscription and Terms of Service") (De Capua 24). Special conditions including physical or mental disabilities, continued schooling, or a high-class or government social ranking may exempt citizens from military service. This can affect the education level of the country since only special conditions allow continued schooling before military service. After the required military service is completed, most citizens simply accept a government-chosen job.
Those gifted in math or science have the possibility of continued education, which leads to jobs in higher positions (De Capua 24). If students show great potential in these subjects, their...

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