Education remains to be the priority of all nations around the globe. Most countries devote vast resources to guarantee equal education opportunities to all their students. Most education systems are developed to meet the economic and social demands of the country, both locally and globally. As the world’s 8th highest education spender, Saudi Arabia initiates an overhaul on the education system. It is the largest country in the Middle East. The Saudi Arabian education has gone through an astounding transformation. Initially, education was only available to few people who were children of the wealthy families. However, the transformation of the Saudi Education is now offering education to all children regardless of their social status. The education system is open to all citizens, and provides free education, and educational and health facilities to all. The education in Saudi Arabia has 5 levels; the primary level, intermediate, secondary, vocational, and tertiary. The education system starts with pre-primary education which id offered to students entering primary school. However, there are options for pre-primary which are; kindergarten and pre-school. These two are offered by private and international schools. Children joining pre-primary, pre-school or kindergarten should be above 3 years.
Next, is primary education whereby a child joins at the age of six old, up to grade six where children should be around 11 years old. Nevertheless, there are schools that offer services of keeping young children till 17:00 hours for working mothers. According to Mackey (89), the primary education is free and open to everybody in Saudi Arabia. In addition, primary education through college is free and open to every Saudi citizen. The Saudi education system is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Higher Education.
After primary education, Saudi offers intermediate education which takes three years. This is for children at the age of 11-14. Moreover, after intermediate, there is secondary education that lasts for another three years. After finishing intermediate education, students have a chance to either join specialized secondary education or general secondary education offered through technical education. After successfully completing the secondary education, and passing the official tests, students are awarded a Secondary Diploma certificate in their respective schools. The Secondary Diploma is offered to all schools, private, public and even international. After a student gets a Secondary Diploma, they are now free to enroll for higher education in Universities (Ministry of Education, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). Most of them enroll in universities in their home country, while other enroll in other countries.
In Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Education developed a ten-year plan that set goals for Saudi children. The ten year plan ensures that Saudi children acquire the best and quality education. In addition, this...