Education: Segregation To Inclusion Essay

2652 words - 11 pages

If every child has special needs, what are special needs children? Cade is a special needs child. Cade is also an energetic, loving, friendly, and helpful to his fellow students. The school that he attends has a program called “Getting Caught in the Act” whereby students are rewarded if they are caught in the act of doing something good. Cade plays with Legos, licks the frosting off of the cupcake, can beat just about any video game and regularly “gets caught in the act” at his school. He is like any other child except that Cade has Williams Syndrome (Gorton). Cade is also mainstreamed into general education classes and will someday be fully included with the rest of his peers where he belongs.
While the terms mainstreaming and inclusion have been used interchangeably to describe the educational approach to teaching students with special needs, the philosophy of the two methodologies are vastly different. Educating students whose disabilities are well-suited to a traditional classroom setting is generally thought to help those students emerge from school better prepared for life, both educationally and socially. Inclusion supporters also note that not meeting the curricular needs of students will make it difficult for the student to learn and most likely, lead to behavior problems as well. In addition, familiarizing conventional students with students with disabilities in neutral, standard classrooms has helped bridge the misunderstanding gap.
As more schools recognize the advantages of teaching special needs students in the “least restrictive environment,” the procedure of “inclusion” is becoming the preferred method to help these students reach their educational best. But that has not always been the school of thought. Overcoming long-held beliefs regarding education can become insurmountable barriers (Ferguson). In the past, students who were physically or mentally disabled were often sent to special schools or institutions and shuttered away from traditional education institutions. Students with special needs or labeled as “learning disabled” were segregated to institutions or “special education classrooms.” “The movement of disabled students from institutionalization to public school – from isolation to segregation – may be dated from about 1910 with the formation of permanent segregated classes in the public schools” (Winzer 367). Sadly, that practice had remained the standard until the late twentieth century.
There have been periods of great momentum; the 1940s may be considered a significant decade in special education. Improved conditions for all disabled individuals, for their teachers, and for their parents was a result of changing perceptions and commitment to exceptional students and their education during the war and postwar period (Winzer 372). The 1950s brought about even more sensitivities toward disabled persons. Expanded public school services for the mentally retarded were viewed as a civil right....

Find Another Essay On Education: Segregation to Inclusion

Inclusion in Our Public Schools Essay

782 words - 3 pages definition of inclusion is stated by Robert Fieldman and Pearson Education as the integration of all students, even those with the most severe disabilities, into regular classrooms and all other aspects of school and community life. This means that separate special education programs would cease to operate. Karen Agne, assistant professor of education, says that "full inclusion robs other normal students of needed attention, teachers of their

WHy Inclusion Essay

1070 words - 4 pages the best training.The replacement model of segregating children just in not what most children seem to need. What is needed is extra support and accommodation.Does inclusion work better than segregation? It can, but it is not automatic. Poor inclusion programs can acutely segregate children more in the general education setting.Administrators play a big role, because some of this requires excellent leadership and school reform and

Inclusion of Children with Disabilities

3145 words - 13 pages quoted as saying ?I am adamantly opposed to any segregation by disability or ability because the situation created?is not representative of the society their children will live to grow up and eventually work in? (Palmer, Fuller & Arora, 2001). Academic benefits of inclusion are also numerous. One of these benefits is that the disabled student would be taught the same material as the children in the general education class. When a special

Disability and Employment

1264 words - 6 pages enter the labour market young people with impairments should receive an effective education. However due to lack trained educational professionals, resources, attitudinal barriers and clear structures on inclusive educational policy, segregation is still common practice and it reinforces how “Historically they have been marked out for a particular form of 'special' educational provision which in general is both socially and educationally inferior

Research Paper

1461 words - 6 pages Children Act, also known as Public Law94-142. Before this law came into effect many children with disabilities were routinely excluded from public schools. Their options were to remain at home or be institutionalized. This law was an important landmark in education and because of this law, today; no child may be denied a free and appropriate public education. Inclusion is a relatively new movement in education developed first by parents and

full inclusion

945 words - 4 pages People with disabilities have long suffered from discrimination and segregation. In the 1880, people with hearing, visual, physical, mental or emotional impairments were sent to be educated in residential institutions or asylums. ("Issues about Change) Parents and family of those with disabilities put pressure on our government and legislation to develop and provide equal access to education by way of mainstreaming or special education

Special Education: Examining the Pros and Cons of Inclusion in Education

1105 words - 4 pages If one looks at the word “Inclusion”, its definition states that the word means being a part of something or the feeling of being part of a whole. By looking at this term, one gets a sense about what inclusion education is all about (Karten p. 2). Inclusion education is the mainstreaming of Special Education students into a regular classroom (Harchik). A school that involves inclusive education makes a commitment to educate each and every

Inclusion in Schools

1456 words - 6 pages have an individualized education plan (IEP). In addition, an inclusive classroom can have a general education teacher but has the special education teacher as a resource or aid, which qualifies as a collaborative model of inclusion. Inclusion is a growing trend in the schools today; however, many teachers may not have the knowledge to implement inclusion successfully with the education they received in their undergraduate work especially with

What's Your Excuse?

1826 words - 7 pages What’s your excuse? Allen and Cowdery (2012) state ‘Inclusion is not a set of strategies or a placement issue. Inclusion is about belonging to a community – a group of friends, a school community, or a neighborhood’ (Pg.5). Inclusion of children with disabilities in 'normal' classrooms, happens to be a widely debated topic; whilst there are valid arguments on both sides and benefits for both inclusion and segregation, inclusion has

Students with Disabilities Must be Included in Public Schools

1163 words - 5 pages behind inclusion is to keep the regular classroom, regular. This means that teachers would have no extra work. Any needed support services are brought to the special needs learner (often in the form of a resource teacher), so class can go as usual, and students like Billy will get extra help from a professional as needed. In the past, segregation was the new and controversial topic in special education. This was the change from institutionalization

Special Education in the US and Denmark

1328 words - 5 pages The human right to have access to education is an international concern for people with disabilities. Countries have evolved from desegregation and separation to inclusive educational systems where students with disabilities. Denmark was one of the first countries for inclusion in school systems and special education within the regular school system has existed for 99 years, and special teacher training has a 66-year history (Egelund, 2000

Similar Essays

Inclusion Essay

944 words - 4 pages inclusion means special education must be embedded in general education. Special educators and regular education teachers work collaboratively in a shared classroom so that there is no segregation of the exceptional learners.The author mentions an independent study where comparisons were made for special education students in inclusion classes to special education students in non-inclusion classes and for general education students in inclusion

Inclusion Not Always The Answer Essay

1203 words - 5 pages different classroom settings. Segregation of special education students from “regular” students has become a huge debate amongst educators and parents of special education students. As stated previously in this paper, there are many pros and cons to each type of classroom style. An inclusion classroom can benefit everyone in the class, including regular students who learn to understand and accept people who are different, and these “regular

Research Report

1040 words - 4 pages the regular public schools of having to provide services and infrastructure needs of the disabled student population (Circle of Inclusion Project, 2003). More recently, there has been a movement towards full inclusion--integrating students with disabilities into regular classes. In 1975, a law was passed that brought about significant changes in the education of children with disabilities and then in 1990 legislation expanded the services for

Integrating Students With Exceptionalities Essay

1074 words - 4 pages eventually function in society with fewer supports, for example, able to find employment rather than needing to be supported by the state, acquiring the skills needed to achieve such employment would be worth the short-term expenditure of inclusive education (Dixon, 2005). Having considered the advantages and disadvantages of segregation, integration, and inclusion, it would appear that advocates of inclusion could respond to the criticisms levied