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Educational Philosophy Essay

1332 words - 5 pages

AbstractAuthors Jon Wiles and Joseph Bondi discuss five educational philosophies: perennialism, idealism, realism, experimentalism, and existentialism that are present in many of the philosophies of administrators and educators. In my personal educational philosophy, I incorporate various components of each philosophy to actively engage my students in the educational process as well as to insure mastery in the subject of social studies. Whereas, I do not fully agree with all the components of any of the philosophies, I believe that each philosophy is essential in the educational process. According to Wiles and Bondi (2002), my personal philosophy preference results display a pattern that has a flowing curve without sharp peaks and valleys. According to the authors, this shows that I have an eclectic philosophy that blends the various philosophies in the curriculum. As a social studies teacher, I am a firm believer in studying and learning from history and my personal educational philosophy is derived from the five educational philosophies and the many educators who have shaped the American educational system.An educational philosophy is an essential component to administrators and educators in schools across America. An educational philosophy determines the direction of the school's curriculum and eventually the academic success of the student. There are many educational philosophies in the educational jargon yet authors Jon Wiles and Joseph Bondi (2002) focus on five distinct philosophies: perennialism, idealism, realism, experimentalism, and existentialism. These five philosophies are the root of the educational tree and from these roots, other philosophies are developed to utilize in the schools. As an educator, I make an effort to incorporate all the philosophies to cater to the educational needs and learning styles of the students whom are multi-facet as the educational philosophies.PerennialismAccording to Wiles and Bondi (2002), perennialism focuses on the classical definition of education and serves as a preparation of life for students. Perennialist favor a curriculum of subject taught through disciplined drills, behavior controls, and a focus on truth, reason, and students whom are passive recipients of knowledge. Whereas I do not agree with students being passive recipients of knowledge; as a seventh grade social studies teacher, I believe in various contents of social studies; disciplined drills are needed. In Blooms Taxonomy, the knowledge level does deal with the basic comprehension and for students to remember through drills. I tend to focus on moving my instruction through the six levels of Bloom for an understanding of the social studies curriculum. I strongly believe in the perennialism theory of preparing students for life lessons and the truths of history.IdealismThe idealism philosophy believes in a curriculum that emphasizes wisdom, reality, and students having a passive role in the educational process. The idealist does...

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