To fully comprehend the general idea of this topic we must define primarily what educational philosophy and idealism is. To begin education philosophy may be defined as, “general philosophy being applied to education as a specific area of human endeavor.” (Knight, 2006) Moreover, idealism may be classified as the philosophical theory that maintains that the ultimate nature of reality is based on mind or ideas. It holds that the so-called external or "real world" is inseparable from mind, consciousness, or perception. A simpler way of stating it is that Idealism believes in refined wisdom. It is based on the view that reality is a world within a person's mind. It believes that truth is in the consistency of ideas and that goodness is an ideal state to strive to attain. Idealism being an aspect of educational philosophy has had a lesser amount of sway than in times before. On the other hand, the ideals are still filtering through educational thought. Consequently, during the course of this paper I will go deeper into what exactly Idealism is and the various matters that deal wherein.
The core of Idealism or Idea-ism is the belief that ideas are the only true reality. Furthermore, the substance of the world is exemplified by change, instability and uncertainty; various ideas are enduring. The idealistic individual believes in a world of mind (metaphysics) and in truth as Idea (epistemology). Also an idealist believes that he or she should first and foremost be concerned with the search for truth. Since truth is not to be faulted and everlasting, it cannot be found in the world of matter that is both imperfect and constantly changing.
Idealism at its core is an emphasis on the reality of ideas, thoughts, minds, or selves, rather than a stress on material objects and forces. Idealism emphasizes mind as being basic or prior to matter. (Knight, 2006)
In some parallel to the above statements Georg W. F. Hegel states that absolute idealism comprises of the following convictions: (1) our world everyday around us which is made up of individuals and things is not the true perception of our world however, as it materializes “in terms of uncriticized categories; (2) the preeminent indication of the world is that in terms of our self-conscious mind; (3) our thoughts are the relatives of every specific “experience with the infinite whole of which it is an expression; and lastly (4) truth consists in relationships of coherences between thoughts, rather than in a correspondence between thoughts and external realities. (Britannica Concise Encyclopedia)"
Historically, Idealism is predominantly one of the oldest systems in philosophy. It is said to have been originated in the fourth century by the infamous philosopher Plato. To a considerable degree, Plato’s philosophy of idealism may be viewed as “reactive response” to the events that were occurring around—concentrating on the obliteration of ancient Athenian culture. Plato’s resulting call was to go a...