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Edvard Munch Essay

1372 words - 5 pages

Edvard Munch is regarded as the pioneer of the Expressionist movement in modern painting. At an early stage Munch was recognised in Germany and central Europe as one of the creators of a new and different movement of art, that helped artists to express their feelings about all the social change that was happening around them.

Munch was born in 1863, and before long he had come to know the intensity of emotional pain. His father was a doctor who often bought patients to the Munch home. His mother died when Edvard was five years old, his older sister died of disease at the age of fifteen, and Edvard himself was often ill. One of his youngest sisters was also diagnosed with a mental illness at an early age. With death and illness as a major element in his life, he felt the need to find a way of expressing this.

After a year at a Technical school to study engineering, Munch became dedicated to his artwork. He left Technical school and entered a school of design.

In 1886 he produced the painting titled The Sick Child, which was inspired by the death of his sister Sophie. Munch produced the image six times in oils and twice in prints, slowly developing the technique that gave the final, intensely textured and dark painting. People

. . .
Most of my later works owe their existence to this picture.

An example of his changed style is the 1912 painting, 'Galloping Horse'. He never completed this project, and in 1930 he began to experience eye trouble. The paintings caused such shock that the show was shut down.

In 1893, Munch painted 'Vampire', which creates a motif of vulgarity and deception.

Munch was an extremely powerful painter in that he was able to communicate his deepest emotions and thoughts through his work.

In 1908 Munch suffered an anxiety attack and was hospitalised. Although he was plagued by death and suffering throughout his life, he managed to use this to give himself the best qualities he could as a painter. The woman is depicted as a creature of temptation, a selfish enslaver of men. She embraces the man, and appears to be sucking the life out of him.

Edvard wrote of the inspiration of the painting in his diary. The paintings showed emotion that had never been expressed so openly through art before. This painting is laced with hidden meanings, the faceless clock represents the uncertainty of the artists time left, the bed represents death, the placement of the figure between these two pieces symbolises the decisions and issues he is experiencing. The painting depicts a horse pulling a cart, which appears to be dangerously out of control. The body is distorted, twisted and disfigured with terror.

Edvard Munch's "The Scream" was painted around the end of the 19th century, and is possibly the first Expressionist painting. The Scream was very different from the art of its time. During this time artists tried to paint realistic paintings. Munch was a tortured soul, and it certainly showed in this painting. Most...

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