Edward Zigler And Howard Gardner Essay

1115 words - 4 pages

In pursuit of the education and experience that will lead us to our chosen profession, it is important, if not vital, that we carefully choose a path that will take us where we want to go. As we journey down this path, we will most likely encounter obstacles or opportunities that will take us in different directions, possibly leaving us at the end of the trail in a place quite different from that which we set out for. Like us, both Edward Zigler and Howard Gardner set out on career paths that ended in much different places than those they anticipated, both for very different reasons.
Edward Zigler initially wanted to pursue a career in a purely scientific field, preferably in a laboratory or in actual fieldwork. He reluctantly joined the ranks of what would become Project Head Start in 1964 due to his deep sense of patriotism and stated that he felt “drafted” once again (Zigler, 2003). Zigler felt as if he had been selected for this position by mistake. Quite unwillingly, Zigler was pushed into the role of an administrator, far from his chosen path of field scientist, and became part of the very establishment he fought so hard against in his younger days.
The unexpected and quite positive outcome of his working in this capacity was that Zigler was able to combine his practical, field experience with his authority as an administrator to meet the needs of the fledgling program and expand it far beyond the expectations of its founders. Eventually Zigler was able to realize the best of both worlds in a career he had never chosen.
Far from receiving well-deserved praise for his achievements, Zigler became a target for criticism from both sides. Administrators had no respect for him due to his youthfulness, his scientific background and his lack of administrative training. On the other hand, his colleagues from the scientific world never failed to goad him about becoming no less than a traitor, and they took every opportunity to remind him about his defection from the responsibilities and obligations they believed he owed to them and their field. They continuously degraded him and his work because they felt he had done nothing more than sell out to the bureaucracy, a world that he had neither chosen to be in nor wanted. Edward Zigler was simply caught between these two worlds, administrative and scientific, an altruistic man who left his preferred path and learned to use both worlds to benefit many.
Howard Gardner’s chosen path was very different from Zigler’s. Like Zigler, Gardner started down his path with a personal preference or springboard that would connect his strong feelings for the creative and artistic world to the world of psychology. The twists and turns he took were of his own choosing. Where Zigler continuously asked the questions “how can I apply what I know to this program, who will this help, what can make this work better, and how much has this helped, Gardner went in search of pure knowledge “to pursue nature of creation,...

Find Another Essay On Edward Zigler and Howard Gardner

Multiple Intelligence Essay

1032 words - 5 pages against early ‘naive’ theories of challenges. Gardener has questioned the idea of intelligences is a single entity, that is a result from a single factor. Bringing evidence to show that at any one time a child may be at very different stages, such as in number development and spatial/visual maturation. Howard Gardner was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania in 1943; his parents had fled from Nurnberg in Germany in 1938 with their three year old son

Learning styles- Theory of Multiple Intelligences and its Effectiveness in the Classroom

788 words - 4 pages counteracting opposing views of its effectiveness in the classroom. A Harvard psychologist, Howard Gardner is the founder, and creator of the MI theory. According to Armstrong (2009), Gardner’s main concern was those students who didn’t measure up in the standardized evaluations of the intelligence test done, objectively measured and then reduced to one number (pg. 5). Gardner was quoted stating: “It is of the utmost importance that we recognize and

Two Factor Theory of Intelligence VS. Theory of Multiple Intelligences

774 words - 3 pages Charles Spearman and Howard Gardner were very important psychologists that revolutionized the ideals of intellect. They both thought to test intellect of individuals, and in order to do that, they had to find out what intellect was amongst persons. They both very different theories, one being very simplistic, and another having many different aspects, and are still argued about and tested upon today. Controversy still surrounds the question of

Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner

1755 words - 7 pages Words hold such power and meaning that tend to evolve throughout the years. As I set out to read on the “Theory of Multiple Intelligences” by Howard Gardner I seem to question the meaning of Intelligence. Although I have never pondered a single word more feverishly as I have in the last couple weeks it has been quite an endeavor. According to Merriam-Webster (2014), “Intelligence: the ability to learn or understand things or to deal with new or

Howard Gardner: The theory of multiple intelligences

608 words - 2 pages According to Howard Gardner there are nine intelligences or ways people learn. The common way schools teach is through what Gardner calls the logical-mathematical way. Although this method must be used while teaching, it only caters to the way a select few children learn. Therefore Howard Gardner has promoted the understanding and use in teaching of all ways people learning. Gardner has created eight intelligences and is currently still

One Wiccans View of History: Relegion

1162 words - 5 pages that he is the father of modern witchcraft and I am grateful for all of his contributions. Works Cited Modern Wicca Michael Howard (Llewellyn publications 2009) pages 9-117 The Evolution of a World Religion Origins of Modern Witchcraft Ann Moura (Llewellyn Publications 2000) Page 39 Book of Shadows Author Unknown http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Shadows Gerald Gardner and the Cauldron of Inspiration: An Investigation into the Source of Gardnarian Witchcraft, Philip Hesetlon. 438 pages. Capall Bann Publishing, 2003. Milverton, Sumerset .Alex Sumner http://www.jwmt.org/v1n6/gardner.html

Multiple intelligences & modern education

503 words - 2 pages Howard Gardner, a professor at Harvard, introduced his theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. It is a theory about the brain that says human beings are born with a single intelligence, that cannot be changed, and is measurable by a psychologist. Gardner believes that there are eight different intelligences in humans. These intelligences include language, mathematics, musical, spatial, kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist

Problems with the Education System

1047 words - 4 pages on information they receive from an uneducated adult. Finally, teachers must teach for understanding. They should not expect students to memorize information. Memorizing information does not help students learn. There are a few authors whom also agree with the above beliefs. Those writers include Jonathan Kozol, Howard Gardner, and Hsun Tzu. One important thing that teachers must focus on is providing students with background information on the

Learning Theories and Implications for Educational Technology

1629 words - 7 pages to play in educational technology. Learning Theories and Implications for Educational Technology There are a variety of learning theories that have been presented over the past several decades, each proposing different thoughts on how and where learning takes place and how instruction should be designed. The theories of Lev Vygotsky, Howard Gardner, and Robert Gagne propose different models of learning and instruction. Thought they are quite

The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups

1415 words - 6 pages tests assess verbal, mathematical, and spatial capabilities, but they do not directly examine other abilities that seem to be inherent parts of intelligence: creativity, social understanding, knowledge of one’s own strengths and weaknesses and so on. This perspective led Howard Gardner to formulate his theory of Multiple Intelligence. This essay will begin with a background of Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory and

Spearman's model of intelligence and Gardner's multiple intelligences

793 words - 3 pages a person done poorly on his test then the person would do poorly at everything else.Dr. Howard Gardner developed a theory of multiple intelligences back in 1983 and he was also a professor of education at Harvard University. (Armstrong 1993). Gardner believed that there was more than one factor to measure intelligence. Gardner believed that no two people were alike because he studied how the brain works through the use of biology. Gardner knew

Similar Essays

Early Childhood Education Howard Gardner And Jean Piaget

1507 words - 6 pages the century, and more recently, problem solving took first place along with creative thinking (Gruber, 2011). This essay will prove that the current education system tends to eventually pull children away from creativity. It will demonstrate how there is a greater amount of creativity in younger children as opposed to older children. This will be shown through the theories of Howard Gardner and Jean Piaget. In order to prove that education has

Two Psychologist's Journeys Essay

1020 words - 4 pages Have you ever wondered where many Psychologists got their start or what hurdles they faced along the way? Let’s look at the journey of two such professionals. Howard Gardner (2003) and Edward Zigler (2003) both describe their journeys and their respected contributions to the field and beyond. Their paths were similar in many ways as both became valued contributors to the field of Psychology and new ways of looking at things. Edward Zigler

In This Paper, We Will Be Exploring Two Theories Of Intelligence; Charles Spearman And Howard

897 words - 4 pages helped me to gain a better knowledge and understanding of how we learn.References:Smith, M. (2002). Howard Gardner, Multiple Intelligences and Education. Retrieved on May 23, 2007From http://www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htmArmstrong, T. Multiple Intelligences (200) Retrieved on May 23, 2007 Fromhttp://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.htmCharles Edward Spearman. (n.d.). Retrieved on May 224, 2007 Fromhttp://www.psych.usyd.edu.au

Nine Different Types Of Human Intelligence: Dr Howard Gardner

810 words - 4 pages must say I agree with most is Howard Gardner. Dr. Howard Gardner a psychologist and professor from Howard University developed the theory of multiple intelligence in 1983. (Teaching young children 5th edition.) Dr Howard Gardner believed that human beings have nine different types of intelligence. But in our books with is Teaching young children the 5th editions it only talks about eight. The nine that Dr. Howard Garden came with are; Linguistic