Effect Of Climate Change On Animals

1015 words - 4 pages

"We call them dumb animals, and so they are, for they cannot tell us how they feel, but they do not suffer less because they have no words” (Anna Sewell). There is undeniable evidence that animals are being affected by climate change. Even though the effects are difficult to measure, there are many different ways animals are being affected. With the loss of predator and prey species it affects the life cycles in the food chain. The earth’s climate change causes habitats such as snow, ice, or forest areas to alter, resulting in loss of habitat and food accessibility as well as causing extinction.
Global warming is the name given to the increase in the earth’s surface temperature. It is caused by the collection of greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide, water vapor, nitrous oxide, and methane, from the atmosphere. Climate change caused by global warming is an issue that demands immediate awareness. Measures are being taken to reduce green house gases by recycling, driving hybrid cars, or using less plastic. Even though their have been changes in the past few years, there has been little change.
Climate change has altered food availability for traveling species. Some animals, like birds arrive on schedule to find their food sources such as insects, or seeds, but have produced too early or not at all. For example, lemming populations have begun to suffer due to climate change. Many animals depend on lemmings for food, and if they cannot provide the food it affects multiple other species (National Wildlife Federation). Also because of climate change, trees and plants that grow fruits are blooming during different times whether its late or early, which results in animals starving for food. It is a cycle that is a recurring pattern around the world. Not only food, but also water is important for animals in order to survive. Too much, or even too little amount of water can have a huge affect on animal species. While floods cause pollution in water that can damage plants and habitat it also washes away nutrients that are important for plant growth (Arctic Climate Change). Too little water such as during a drought can cause plant and animal life to die, altering the food chain and ruining the pattern.
Habitat loss is one of the most evident effects of climate change on animals. Forests, as well as deserts support many forms of life. It is the home of insects and animals like bears, and birds. If forests will be cleared out for the development of land for families, business and farming purposes, animals will loose their homes and food. Because of deforestation, many of the trees and the other plants that provide food to the herbivorous animals will get extinct at a faster speed. Droughts caused by global warming could dry up 90 percent of central U.S. wetlands, eliminating essential breeding habitat for ducks, geese and other traveling species (National Wildlife Federation). Climate change is the main reason to wildlife's survival and putting natural...

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