This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Effect Of Inoculants And Fertilizer Treatments On Average K Uptake Per Kilogram Of Dry Matter Of Seeds

1291 words - 5 pages

Nitrogen Fixation Ability on Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars with Some types of Inoculants which contain different strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum; bv. phaseoli was evaluated in an experimental design. In this investigation three types of biological fertilizers such as Rb117, Rb123, Rb136 and a commercial inoculants (Rhizobean super plus) with two treatment N100 (use of 100 Kg nitrogen/ha) and control (without seeds inoculated and fertilizer) and three bean cultivars: COS16 (spotted bean), Derakhshan and Akhtar (red beans) used as factorial experiment in randomized complete block design in 2006 and 2007 in Zanjan province(Khoramdareh Region). Combined Analysis preformed with SAS9.2 of statistical program and graphs were provided by Excel and Σplot programs and means comparison were done with Duncan,s Multiple Range Test. Rb117 strain was showed an 59 percent increasing in seed yield compared with non-inoculants treatment. Among of inoculants the effect of Rb123 strain, was at least (32%) in compared with others. The results showed that significant difference in seed yield, nitrogen percent per plant, seed protein percentage, number and weight of nodules (50 day after emergence),seed and dry matter yield were observed among seed inoculated and non-inoculated. Most protein percent were achieved from 100 kg nitrogen, and Rb117 treatment (About 24%) and highest protein yield (864 kg/ha) was gained from Rb117 and lowest protein yield was produced from control. Among of all inoculants (or strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum;bv.phaseoli) The Rb117 strain has more effectiveness on common bean, as compared with other strains. In three cultivars the COS16 line was successful in compared with other cultivars. High seed yield and many evaluated traits achieved from COS16 line (spotted bean), second year of experiment and Rb117 strain. This investigation showed that to achievement for satisfying yield and sustainable agriculture, all of industrial bio fertilizers must be used as complementary materials with mineral fertilizers.

Keywords: Common bean, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Seed yield, Rhizobium leguminosarum;bv.phaseoli.

INTRODUCTION

One of the most important ways of taking the advantages of microorganism interactions and to maintain the diversity of agricultural ecosystems, is using of terrestrial microorganisms. Now the rhizosphers bacteria are using for biological fertilizers in many countries. Some researchers believe that nitrogen fixation is a hereditary trait and common bean varieties are genetically different in biological nitrogen fixation (Bliss and Miller., 1986, Graham and Rosas., 1997, Barron et al., 2000).
Nitrate Reductase enzyme always is active in the cell, even when the nitrate is not received by plants, but for increasing the activity of Nitrate reductase enzyme, it is required that the plant be exposed to nitrate (Taghavi, 2004., Nakamura et al., 1993). Yahya Abadi (2008) evaluated the potential of some...

Find Another Essay On Effect of Inoculants and Fertilizer Treatments on Average K Uptake per Kilogram of Dry Matter of Seeds

Seeds of Trees Essay

1164 words - 5 pages life. These agricultural societies had to adjust constantly to floods by building canals and dikes. Methods of drainage and irrigation were used to take advantage of the fertile soil next to the river. Mesopotamia, which means “between the rivers,” developed amid the Tigris and Euphrates River. Egypt, or “the gift of the river,” grew next to the Nile River. China was located on the Huang Ho River and Indian on the Indus River. Location was also

The seeds of success Essay

668 words - 3 pages A number of authors have recently suggested their opinions of what makes one person more successful than another. In the article, “What Drives Success?” Amy Chau and Jed Rubenfeld state “It turns out that for all their diversity, the strikingly successful groups in America today share three traits that, together, propel success”. When it comes to the topic of how one becomes successful, some are convinced that it has to do with a person’s race

States of Matter and How Matter Changes

2164 words - 9 pages sublimation would be dry ice. Deposition is when a gas goes directly to a solid without going through the liquid phase. An example of deposition is when water vapor turns to tiny crystals. The four main states of matter can be organized by how fast there particles move. The slowest type will be solids. Solids particles are packed close and vibrate in place. The second slowest phase of matter is water. The particles of water touch , but they can

Effectiveness of Garbage Enzyme as Detergent and Fertilizer

1918 words - 8 pages acidogenesis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 13: 1355–1363. Sivasankari, S., Venkatesalu, V., Anantharaj, M. & Chandrasekaran, M. 2006. Effect of seaweed extracts on the growth and biochemical constituents of Vigna sinensis. Bioresource Technology. 97: 1745 – 1751. Stabnikova O., Ding, H-B., Tay, J-H., & Wang, J-Y. 2005. Biotechnology for aerobic conversion of food waste into organic fertilizer. Waste Management & Research. 23: 39-47. Tang

Causes and Treatments of Obesity

1518 words - 7 pages is above the normal weight. An individual is considered to be obese if his weight is 20% or more pounds over the normal weight. Age, Sex, and height are taken into consideration to calculate a person’s normal weight. The common tool that is used to estimate obesity is BMI. The world had noticed an increase on the number of obese people. According to World Health Organization, the number of obese people has doubled between 1980 and 2008. This

Causes and Treatments of Schizophrenia

1333 words - 5 pages patients with schizophrenia, but are there alternative forms of treatment that could help or even be better? Schizophrenia may only affect one percent of the population, but in the U.S. that is a total of about 2.4 million people. Since it influences so many peoples lives and there is not a cure for this disease yet, I believe that research on this psychological disorder is pivotal on helping the homeless find homes and become mentally stable

The Seeds of American Independence

1258 words - 5 pages Historically, the importance and success of colonization was greatly reliant on the degree and speed at which the colonies became independent. The policy of salutary neglect that was in effect during the period between 1690 and 1763, used as a strategy to enhance colonization, was a potential example of how when left to their own devices, American colonies could positively contribute to the mother country’s welfare. Britain’s use of this “hands

Behavioral Accounts and Treatments of Problem Gambling

2337 words - 9 pages is going to examine and compare different treatments.Behavioral Accounts and Treatments of Problem GamblingResearch done by the State Government of Victoria (2004) has described the clients attending Gambler's Help problem gambling counseling services during the period 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2002. The report shows that a total of 4,461 new clients registered between 1 July 2001 and 30 June 2002, representing an increase of 18.3 per cent for women

The Cycle and Treatments of Depression

1193 words - 5 pages The depression visualisation was produced to show that any individual can get depression and because of this it is ‘normal’ to ‘suffer’ with depression. The example used in the presentation of the visualisation was that someone could lose a family member and that then causes effect on how they perform at their place of work, which could result in them losing their job, which then causes them stress about money problems, which makes their social

The Effects and Treatments of Fibromyalgia

858 words - 4 pages diseases and disorders Fibromyalgia uniquely does not have laboratory tests available to diagnose patients. Doctors have to rely on self-reported symptoms and physical examination. The exams doctors used are based on American College of Rheumatology. It takes an average of five years for patients to become accurately diagnosed. They syndromes of Fibromyalgia often overlap with other diseases and disorders making it hard to diagnose. To be diagnosed

Types and Treatments of Eating Disorders

1057 words - 5 pages adolescents most of them still rely on their parents. These reasonable differences between adulthood and childhood make it easier for the diagnosis to go undetected. There are four basic treatments which are inpatient treatment, residential treatment, partial hospitalization and psychotherapy. These treatments vary depending on the severity of the eating disorder. For anorexia nervosa inpatient treatment is to achieve nourishment. A few factors that

Similar Essays

Effect Of Compaction On Plant Growth And Nutrient Uptake

920 words - 4 pages uptake of vital nutrients like potassium, phosphorous and zinc, which are usually absorbed through the roots or root hairs of the plant. If the soil is compacted and the roots are not able to travel far enough outward from the main body of the plant to acquire a healthy level of immobile nutrients the plants health is undermined.ObjectivesThis experiment seeks to display the effects of soil compaction on the nutrient uptake of plants, the

Effect Of Dry Machining On Cutting Force

2182 words - 9 pages synthetic oil with 6% concentration the water having a flow rate of 4.3 l/min. Based on the work it could be said that dry turning could not be used for high values of depth of cut in order to obtain long tool life. The cause of wear on flank face was due to abrasion and adhesion, whereas the wear on the rake face was due to diffusion, abrasion and attrition. Salgam et al. (2005) studied the effect of tool geometry and cutting speed on main cutting

Seeds Of Rebellion Essay

645 words - 3 pages Seeds of Rebellion In the first chapter of Ralph Ellison's novel, "Invisible Man," the author relates to the reader how experiences and education can transform the meekest of conformists to an unlikely rebel. Ellison subtly hints at the seeds of this progression through anecdotes that his narrator will later be able to examine and comprehend once he is enlightened while attending college. Painted against the backdrop of a pre-civil rights

Plants And Seeds Of Hybrid Corn Variety

9751 words - 39 pages , intermediate, or open.Ear-Length: The average length of the ear.Ear-Number Per Stalk: The average number of ears per plant.Ear-Shank Internodes: The average number of internodes on the ear shank.Ear-Shank Length: The average length of the ear shank.Ear-Shelling Percent: The average of the shelled grain weight divided by the sum of the shelled grain weight and cob weight for a single ear.Ear-Silk Color: The color of the silk observed 2 to 3 days after