Effect of Male Stream Knowledge on Sociological Explanations of Behavior
One effect of male stream knowledge in sociological explanations of
behaviour is that men tend to be very much in favour of positivist
methods, like scientific research and proof. Whereas feminists think
that the sympathetic approach is better therefore using things like
observations, this mainly due to the fact that positivist research has
Another effect is that due to the fact that men develop most
sociological explanations of crime and therefore they only talk bout
men. They exclude the fact the females commit crime which is evident
in all of the theories apart from feminism because these ideas are
predominantly about women. This means that women are left out of the
equation meaning that men place there patriarchal views on the
sociology of crime.
b) Briefly evaluate the usefulness of social surveys as a source of
information on crime and deviance for sociologists. (12 marks)
Social surveys are a way of finding out information from a large
number of people. An example of a social survey is a questionnaire,
which is the easiest and quickest way of getting a large amount of
information from a population.
Official statistics were primarily used to help sociologists work out
who and how much crime exists. These were then criticised saying that
they do not show unreported crime, which could be a far greater number
than that provided in the official statistics.
Therefore, victimisation studies were formed, which are a form of
social survey. They use questionnaires to ask people in a chosen
population whether they have been a victim of crime.
One form of this is the British Crime Survey (BCS), this is done
yearly and the information is released to the public every two years.
The BCS has found that crime varies year on year, which therefore
contradicts the official statistics. The BCS also asked the victims
why they didn't report the crime committed against them and they found
that people either thought to themselves that it was a trivial crime
or the police thought that it was trivial.
They found that police only report 50% of crimes that are reported to
them, either because of lack of evidence or they don't believe that
the crime has happened. Another reason why victims don't report crimes
is because of reprisals i.e. that the criminal will come and do it
Therefore victimisation studies are very important to sociologists
because they give all round knowledge of who commits crime, therefore
they can make a better judgement.
Another social survey is Self-report studies, this survey asks people
to admit to committing a crime. They ask what type of crime has been
committed and how many times they have committed the crime. It is