Principles and Components:
There are three curriculum models that are used to effectively teach gifted and talented students. These models include the Integrated Curriculum Model, the William and Mary Center for Gifted Education Research Model, and the Parallel Model.
The Integrated Curriculum Model has three main dimensions advanced content, process/product, and issues/themes. The first dimension, advanced content, is content that it at a higher level. In English Language Arts the readings are usually two grade levels above. Within advanced content, diagnostic-prescriptive approaches are used to promote new learning. Teachers are to continually pre-assess students before teaching content ...view middle of the document...
Next, using various types of research techniques the students gather evidence. For example, surveys, interviews, or an analysis of source documents. With the evidence that has been gathered, the students are to transform the data so that it can be interpreted. In the next step, they take the evidence that has been gathered and draw conclusions and make inferences. Then, it is to be determined what consequences and implications can be implied from the conclusions and inferences that were found. Finally the students are to communicate their findings through an oral presentation.
The Parallel Curriculum Model has four major components that make it a successful model for the gifted and talented students. The first component is a core curriculum. A core curriculum is a curriculum that covers core concepts, principals, and skills of discipline. This type of curriculum helps the students understand discipline-based content by using representative topics, inductive teaching, and analytic learning activities. The next component of the Parallel Curriculum is the curriculum of connections. This parallel is helping students connect concepts, principles, and skills within and across discipline, and events. Students are not only making connections with time, events, and other disciplines but also making connections to self, other text, and other people. Also through this plan, students are to understand intra and interdisciplinary macro-concepts, generalizations, and themes. The curriculum of practice is the third parallel. This entails a set of guidelines and procedures to guide students to use their essential knowledge, understanding, and skills to produce questions, practices and problems. This component is to help students apply real world applications to become to practitioner, problem solver, researcher, creator, and producer. The final component of the Parallel curriculum is the curriculum of identity. This component is all about reflecting. To reflect on relationship betweens the skills and ideas in a class, to there lives, personal growth and development. This component is used to help students connect a discipline to something that they are interested in, their goals in life, and their strengths and weaknesses. This parallel is especially great for middle schools students because it provides the opportunity for self-exploration. Along with four components, the Parallel Curriculum model also has ten key parts to planning an effective curriculum: content, assessment, introductory activities, teaching strategies, learning activities, grouping strategies, products, resources, extension activities, and modifications for learners needs.
In order for the gifted and students to be able to succeed to their full potential, certain needs need to be met through the three models. The curriculum needs to allow critical and creative thinking, differentiation, enrichment, acceleration, social and emotional needs, motivation, questioning, and...