This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Effective Leadership Style On Groupthink Essay

1387 words - 6 pages

A leader is the key element that affects the overall group’s success by inspiring members to collaborate to achieve a common goal. The approach that the leader takes to lead a group (i.e., leadership style) plays a significant role in group decision-making process and decision quality. Effective leadership encourages members’ participation in decision-making process, and promotes cooperation and motivation among group members. On the other hand, ineffective leadership, which lacks impartiality, can be a great risk factor for groupthink; a phenomenon refers to poor decision process and decision quality (Chapman, 2006). Groupthink is undesirable for groups because it is detrimental to group development. In order to demonstrate the effect of leadership style on groupthink, the paper will first explain groupthink and the factors that contribute to this phenomenon; then it will discuss the characteristics of different leadership styles and how they affect group’s decision-making process; and finally it will provide several remedies to guard against groupthink in groups.
Groupthink, a term coined by social psychologist Irving Janis (1972), occurs when the group members strive for consensus at the expense of rational decisions. In other words, groupthink takes place in groups in which the group members’ desire for concurrence becomes more important than evaluating problems and solutions realistically (Chapman, 2006). There are several factors that contribute to groupthink, but the two most important ones are directive (i.e., promotional) leadership and the lack of consideration of alternatives (Ahlfinger & Esser, 2001). If the group’s leader is controlling and promoting his or her favored solution without consulting members’ opinions, the group will experience groupthink. In order to avoid groupthink, it is crucial for leaders to encourage critical appraisal and open discussion of the various viewpoints. If the group fails to develop and evaluate alternatives, they will end up with inefficient faulty decisions which would affect their development. Effective decision-making process is possible only when an impartial leader leads the group and encourages participation, collaboration and collective decision-making.
Leadership Style: Authoritarian vs. Participative Leadership
According to the leadership theory by Kurt Lewin (1939), there are different leadership styles that affect group dynamics such as decision-making, effectiveness of group work, communication, collaboration, and etc. The two of leadership styles, authoritarian and participative, are highly related to the concept of groupthink. Groups with autocratic leaders who promote their preferred solutions are more likely to fall into groupthink than groups with non-promotional leaders (i.e. democratic and impartial) (Ahlfinger & Esser, 2001). In other words, groups led by controlling leaders who fail to encourage participation of group members in decision-making process...

Find Another Essay On Effective Leadership Style on Groupthink

What are Niccolo Machiavelli's ideas on effective leadership

1114 words - 4 pages Machiavelli's "The Prince" is a highly unique manuscript that outlines Machiavelli's views on effective leadership. This piece was meant to serve as a guide for what characteristics the ideal prince should possess. Machiavelli never stated who the actually "Prince" is but rather gives advice and examples on how someone would become the perfect ruler. The Prince was written in the early 1500s where "Popes were leading armies, and wealthy city

Notions of 'groupthink' Essay

1531 words - 6 pages groupthink, because there is little opportunity for members to hear and discuss the views of impartial outsiders, who may make suggestions that the group had not considered. Similarly, a lack of methodical procedures for the search of information means that vital material may not be heard. Style of leadership is crucial: if a leader is very directive, i.e. makes his opinions known and exerts pressure on members to agree with him, groupthink will

How to Overcome Management Power Issues

997 words - 4 pages leader of the group that should create a checks and balances system to help them avoid groupthink tendencies. Conclusion Leadership grants an individual power. This power can create destructive narcissistic problems for the individual, the organization, and their subordinates. There are things that can be done to avoid these problems such as 360 degree feedback. Depending on the type of destructive narcissism this feedback may or may not work

The Problem of Groupthink in 12 Angry Men

1102 words - 4 pages The term groupthink in this report is defined as, the social psychological phenomenon that results in groups during pressure situations. This social psychology theory is broken down into eight signs. Illusion of invulnerability, Collective rationalization, Belief in inherent morality, Stereotyped views of out-groups, Direct pressure on dissenters, Self-censorship, Illusion of unanimity, Self-appointed “mindguards”. According to research

Exploring the Formation of “Perspective Fixedness” Through Established Theories

2391 words - 10 pages call for flexibility and objectivity helps combat the disadvantages of both groupthink and conformity, which are both forms of perspective fixedness. Groupthink can be defined as a failure of effective group decision-making often in cohesive groups (Burnette, Pollack, & Forsyth, 2011). Conformity, which is a factor in groupthink, occurs when individuals within a group or system match their attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to that of the

A Sociological Analysis of Ron Howards Apollo 13

1742 words - 7 pages it was a uniting force as they did in the 1960’s. An interesting part of the movie was the styles of leadership that the men took on in the time of crisis. Gene Kranz really used a mix of leadership styles between authoritarian and democratic, although democratic showed much more often. He knew his higher position and expressed it when needed, but when it came time for important decisions, he asked for everyone’s views and combined them to make

Leadership Style Self-Analysis

1686 words - 7 pages them. The delegating leadership style offers little or no guidance to employees and leave decision-making up to group members. This style often leads to poorly defined roles and a lack of motivation, because some people are not good at setting their own deadlines, managing their own projects and solving problems on their own. (3) Discuss how understanding the leadership styles of your JAT2 Leadership Team members helps you be a more effective

My Leadership Style

871 words - 3 pages raise the level of confidence of the group and teach them how to be a leader themselves. When I took an online leadership style assessment test I found out that my leadership style is Laissez- faire. Usually the problem with the permissive leadership is that it seems like there is no leader at all. What happens eventually in this case is that the group members start to take on leadership and responsibilities of a leader which in the end

Conflict Management

1377 words - 6 pages performance would be at its peak. As I am aware that Groupthink [2] and Group Polarization [2] can lead to poor decision making and can have a direct impact on team performance, I will ensure that no one including the leader gets a chance to dominate over the decision making process and effective team structures; i.e. stages of team development are followed that will enable critical thinking [2]. Lastly, coming to the conflict management style [3], I will

Team, Charismatic and Transformational Leadership

1049 words - 5 pages areas of the test accommodation process. Using the team leadership style requires the leader to assess the internal problems, gather information, provide a new structure and overcome barriers (Northouse, 2013). While test accommodations would benefit from a team leadership style, the testing coordinator presents a barrier. The coordinator uses a laissez-faire style of leadership. The testing accommodations are effective throughout the semester

Combating Detrimental Social Influences

1540 words - 6 pages cohesive group is so concerned with unanimity that he or she fail to evaluate all his or her alternatives and options (Groups)". Groupthink doesn't allow for the individuals in the group to think for his or herself. Many problems with groupthink are fear of not wanting to disagree with the group leader, or people just being too afraid to voice his or her own opinion on how to solve problems within the group. Some people are too afraid to speak his or

Similar Essays

Effective Leadership Style Essay

927 words - 4 pages Leadership is a function of management that ensures that desired results are achieved within an organization. It is the leadership that coordinates, guides, and directs efforts and activities in an organization or in this case a group toward achieving the set performance goals and objectives. In the case of Karina, the leader was expected to offer a direction and coordination among the group on how they were going to complete their project

The Effective Leadership Style Of Martin Luther King Jr

627 words - 3 pages an individual with a born gift to lead people. The following paper will discuss how Martin Luther King Jr. was able to inspire and motivate people with his effective leadership style. Martin Luther King Jr.’s leadership style Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK) is most known for his efforts for the civil rights movement in the 1960s. Martin Luther King Jr.’s leadership style is best described as charismatic. Charismatic leadership style is one based

Annotated Bibliography On Effective Leadership Essay

1010 words - 5 pages legislative leadership is blended according to the situation. Level five leaders are those who make sure the right decisions happen and get things done in a diffuse power structure found in contemporary organizations. Covey, S. R. (2004). The 7 habits of highly effective people. New York, NY: Free Press. Covey teaches a principle-centered approach to personal and professional effectiveness. It is centered on seven principles that will help anyone

Transactional Versus Servant Leadership Focusing On The Leadership Style And The Difference In Leadership Methods

3992 words - 16 pages ). However it is true that many leaders are born with trait capabilities they can surely be enhanced towards the framework of the people. (DYLAN JONES-EVANS North Wales Edition).Organizations are successful not only on the basis as to how the leaders are leading that organization but also to what extent the followers are following their leaders.Transformational leadership style is based on the follower and has to be practiced hand in hand throughout