This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Effects Of Ammonia On Broiler Houses And Methods Of Control

1282 words - 6 pages

Effects of Ammonia and Methods of Control
Ammonia can lead to big problems for broiler producers if not managed appropriately. Ammonia (NH3) is a form of nitrogen that has the potential to create odors, impact air and water quality, and animal and human health (1).
Ammonia is a colorless irritant gas, created from animal waste by microbial activity. By spending money to control the ammonia in houses they farmer has the potential to get that money back plus more in profit. Many farmers would tell you they have low levels of ammonia but the truth is we can’t smell the ammonia until it’s at 20PPM; however the human nose becomes accustomed to the smell. Ammonia levels of 50PPM in a broiler house can seriously stunt bird growth. With larger birds the loss can be half a pound per bird. Studies show that even levels as low as 25PPM can affect birds. Birds can become blind if exposed long enough to high levels of ammonia. Ammonia in the colder months when houses are closed up tight can cause runts in a flock. It is shown that high levels can create 10-15% runts. If runts are present what happens when drinkers and feeders are raised? The bird has no opportunity to mature and can’t be sent to the processing plant. Experiments have shown that 50 ppm ammonia will cause about a half-pound catch-time weight loss in a typical 7-week broiler growout. With 20,000 birds in the house and being paid at a rate of $0.045 per pound, this translates into $450 loss per house (6).

In addition to the negative impact of high NH3 levels in a poultry facility on birds, they cause health concerns for the caretakers in those facilities. High NH3 levels sometimes found in a poultry house have also become a cause of concern for the atmosphere outside the poultry house. Environmental concerns have forced regulatory agencies to limit 100 lbs. of NH3 released to the atmosphere per house or farm per day. Therefore, there is a great need to reduce NH3 volatilization from poultry manure to reduce the possible harmful effects of NH3 on animal and human health, and the environment. Litter additives such as phosphoric acid, propionic acid, and ferrous sulfate have been used to reduce the volatilization of NH3 from poultry manure. These litter additives act by reducing litter pH, which in turn reduces enzymatic and microbial activity and increases the solubility (binding) of ammonia to water. More recent research has examined the use of minerals to reduce microbial uricase activity of poultry manure which would in turn reduce NH3 volatilization (5).
The floor of a new broiler house is normally covered with materials such as wood shavings or rice hulls prior to birds entering to the house. The wood shavings add their natural carbon to the droppings, accelerating decomposition. This lessens a bird’s contact with their droppings, helps absorb moisture, and the decomposition process helps to lower disease and ammonia. Poultry litter contains uric acid. When exposed to moisture, air and...

Find Another Essay On Effects of Ammonia on Broiler Houses and Methods of Control

The Importance of Educating Adolescents on Various Birth Control Methods

2641 words - 11 pages The Importance of Educating Adolescents on Various Birth Control Methods Heather G. Hawk Denver School of Nursing The Importance of Educating Adolescents on Various Birth Control Methods The rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States has decreased six percent from 2011 (“Trends in teen pregnancy and childbearing,” 2014). According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, “in 2012, there were 29.4 births for

Effects of Gun Control Essay

1533 words - 7 pages that have built the United States into the nation that it is today. They want to challenge the freedoms that Americans are specifically promised in the second amendment of the Constitution. All lawmakers need to stop consider the effects that will come into play with the creation of gun control laws. Lawmakers should not pass gun control legislation because guns provide protection for citizens, the absence of liberty infringing laws keeps trust in

Prices Of Houses

2519 words - 10 pages in their houses. The overall level of income in the whole economy is known as GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and so if we looked at the behaviour of that we could see how the level of income on average has grown.Affordability (Income): Another thing that effects demand for a property is the affordability of the mortgage this means, how easy is it to pay the monthly mortgage? In 2001 properties are more affordable now than before.In 1990 - approx 2

The Importance of Houses

884 words - 4 pages and feelings the characters get from each. Then he go on to giving the reader an understanding how different the Flats are when compared to Howards End though although both are the Wilcoxes houses. At the end of the evaluation of the other houses and Howards End, Forster’s explanations of Howards End makes it clear that it is the centerpiece of the plot of the story and all the other homes just merely branch off from, and aids the flow of the story.

The Decoration of Houses

2071 words - 8 pages , architecture must be important if a ballroom guarantees someone a high rank, and it can even cover up the fact that Beaufort was not born into the social order and has a mistress. Ada Van Gastel, a Wharton critic who wrote “The Location and Decoration of Houses in The Age of Innocence,” points out another way that Beaufort’s property represents him: “Having only recently entered society, he still resides on the periphery; his house is located at the

Exploring the Various Methods of Birth Control

1697 words - 7 pages Birth control has become a controversial issue today in our society. The types of birth control that can be used vary, while the side effects may not be explained to women who use them. The types that can be used include emergency contraceptives, pills, rings, patches, and shots. Emergency contraceptives (ECPs), or plan B, are “hormones in the pill that act as an anabortifacient by thinning the lining of the uterus and preventing the

The Houses of History, by Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

1098 words - 4 pages In The Houses of History, many different schools of historical thought are presented and light in shed on what exactly it means to be those different types of historians. Not all historians think the same way or approach history from the same perspective, but some similar groups of thought have converged together and have formed the various types of historians that will be presented, such as empiricists, psychohistorians, oral historians, and

Methods of Political Control for the Roman and Gupta/Mauryan Empires

1847 words - 7 pages the front to most experienced in the back. The Romans greatest defeat had been Carthage, the greatest sea power during their day. Their philosophy was if you want to be a free man, then you will serve in the army and so during the Roman day, a great majority of men were in the army. Rome had let regions decide on whether creating alliances with the Romans or be conquered by them. Either way, Rome became the largest known Empire of that day and

Project Planning and Control Methods

1302 words - 5 pages Project Planning and Control Methods Project planning and control methods came to be in the 1980s with the introduction of microcomputer software. In the 1990s project management was accepted into the mainstream business as a means for developing new products and services. In the 20th century project management appears to be the solution to many of the challenges confronting global business enterprises (Gray, C. & Larson, E., 2003

The impact of Le Chatelier's Principle in ammonia production

1796 words - 7 pages biodiversity and endanger drinking Y11 Le Chatelier's Principle - Ammonia Sarah N. 11.1 levinesd1 Sticky Note Again, what does this have to do with your central argument? levinesd1 Sticky Note Now you are linking history to your overall point. water. In some rivers, nitrogen has caused an excess of algae growth (Erisman & Sutton, 2008), which can be hard to control as water flows out to the seas. Despite all its limitations and negative effects

The methods used by Great Britain to control the land and inhabitants of the United States and India differ vastly

1583 words - 6 pages natural, that enabled Britain to fuel its industries and fund its military. Although these countries were once the property of the same nation, and came under British rule during the 1600's, the methods use by Great Britain to control the land and inhabitants of these countries differ vastly.The United States began to be colonized in the 1600's with the Jamestown settlement. At first the settlement got off to a slow start, and it wasn't until the

Similar Essays

Different Methods Of Cyber Crime And Their Effects On Modern Society

1363 words - 5 pages Different Methods of Cybercrime and Their Effects on Modern Society The world we live in is more technologically advanced than ever before, with newer developments coming every year. Men, women, and children worldwide rely on the Internet for work, school, play, socialization, and any number of other reasons. Yet, despite the great advantages technology gives to us, with our increased reliance and connectivity comes an increased risk of crime

Methods Of Control ( Curfew )

672 words - 3 pages Methods of ControlBY MakeveliThere are various ways of controlling things. Things such as: money, kids, pets criminals etc . . . Some things cannot be controlled; things such as: time and mother nature. We can although control time in a certain way. In our civilization we have set a method of the way we use time. Time is a method of control to keep things from going chaotic. Take for instance: Curfew. Curfew is a conflict of underage adolescence

Affect Of Gaseous Ammonia And Oxides Of Nitrogen On Plant Growth

1635 words - 7 pages atmospheric NO2 are very different according to whether the N supply is limiting or not. If there is sufficient N, there is less redistribution of N and less influence of N derived from NO2 on roots. Stressful situations where soil N supply becomes limiting are therefore those most likely to show detrimental effects even if levels of atmospheric NO2 are low.Symptoms of damage due to ammonia fumigations include leaf-yellowing, necrosis and reduced

Effects Of Locus Of Control On Gender

2024 words - 8 pages EFFECTS OF LOCUS OF CONTROL ON GENDER AAMNA SALEEM KHAN 1 , NASIR IQBAL 2 1 Department of Education, Preston University draamna@preston.edu.pk, aamnasalim@yahoo.com 2 Department of Mass Communication, International Islamic University nasir_iqbalpk@yahoo.com Revised October 2013 ABSTRACT. The study was intended to determine the gender differences in the locus of control with academic achievement among secondary school science students of Wah