Bullying had recently become a hot topic throughout the news. Several different cases involving both children and adults cover the news. Perhaps the most infamous cases of bullying leading to violence occurred fifteen years ago at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado. Once professionals were able to understand what caused Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold to create such a traumatic event, people began learning about preventing this type of catastrophe from happening again.
Up to half of all children are either an aggressor or victim of bullying. Prevalence of bullying in elementary schools is rapidly increasing throughout the United States. Connecticut reported 1,431 cases of bullying within their school districts at the close of the 2012-2013 school year (AP Connecticut). Numbers like this are just the beginning of a trend that Americans will not see the end of soon. As the definition of bullying changes, so does the amount of cases reported. Olweus, a highly regarded research program, breaks bullying down into three components: threatening with intention to injure, repeated violent or degrading behavior, and a difference in power between the bully and the victim (Bullying). Though many other definitions exist, this is the one most widely accepted.
When this behavior is repeated, the effects become even more evident. It is important to make the realization that bully affects every one involved. Most of the effects easily seen are those prevalent in the victim, such as physical damage. Bullying of a young child may result in broken bones or cuts. In many cases the worst damage includes psychological problems such as low self-esteem and depression. It is problems like these that lead to violence against themselves or others.
It is also important to recognize the effects of bullying on the tormentor. Psychological damage occurs much more often than physical. Both aggressive and antisocial behavior are main effects. After an incident occurs the bully is usually passed over and simply punished without anyone taking notice as to what all of the causes are. Many bullies come from an environment where they are exposed to violence and abuse. In turn their own incidents create a cycle that includes substance abuse and lower academic achievement (Effects of Bullying).
A highly sensitive topic that is often linked to bullying is suicide. Many people think suicide is directly caused by bullying, which is not true. Several ...