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Effects Of Drugs Essay

1849 words - 7 pages

When we think of drugs, we think of horrible effects that come as a result of taking drugs. In the research that I have done from several book sources and internet sources, I have found numerous physical and psychological effects that drugs have on people. There are a few different kinds of drugs: Stimulants (Caffeine, Nicotine, Steroids, Cocaine and Crack, and Ecstasy), Depressants (Alcohol, and Heroin), and Hallucinogens ( LSD, Marijuana, Magic Mushrooms). Solomon H. Snyder states that "Stimulants are drugs that have an altering effects. They improve the mood and quicken the intellect, and can therefore be valuable means of increasing mental performance and conceivably of relieving depression" (121). Depressants have an opposite effect; They decrease the activity of the person’s Central Nervous System. Hallucinogens are drugs which alter perceptions of reality, the drug user experiences hallucinations. The effects of these drugs are different because their potency varies. Some drugs are more powerful than others. Most of the drugs that I mentioned above are illegal drugs; I am going to go into more detail about only two of them: Cocaine and LSD.Cocaine is also known as coke and snow. Cocaine comes from a plant called coca shrub. According to Solomon H. Snyder "Cocaine is the most expensive illicit substance on the drug market today" (122). It is a white powder and it can be snorted from the nose or it can be injected. Cocaine has another form: Crack. Crack is darker in color and it is usually smoked. Cocaine is a Class A drug. It is very powerful and highly addictive. Levert, Suzanne writes about an addict, Paul , a 20-year old drug addict says about cocaine "I’d used a lot of drugs before that, but nothing prepared me for what happened to me. One hit of crack-one hit- and all I wanted for a year after that was the next hit. That’s all I cared about. I lost everything...." ( pg.12) It is the second most used illegal drug in the United States after Marijuana. According to Suzanne Levert a study showed "About 3.4 % of 8th graders, 5.4% of 10th graders, and 8.1% of 12th graders had used cocaine; and 2.4% of 8th graders, 2.6% of 10th graders, and 3.9% of 10thgraders had used crack at least once in their lives"(25)Cocaine is a stimulant. It speeds up some of the body’s functions. It creates a feeling ofwell-being, increased muscular strength, smoothly flowing ideas, confidence, and alertness on the user. Solomon Snyder wrote about Sigmund Freud’s experience with cocaine"A few minutes after taking cocaine, one experiences a sudden exhilaration and feeling of lightness. One feels a certain furriness on the lips and palate, followed by a feeling of warmth in the same areas. During the first trial I experienced a short period of toxic effects...Breathing became slower and deeper, and I felt tired and sleepy. After a few minutes the actual cocaine euphoria began, repeated cooling eructation.....moderate increase of the pulse....I...

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