Effects Of Partition Of Colonial India Into Two States

2659 words - 11 pages

This is a sensitive theme and topic to focus on in this discussion. India as a British colony has suffered centuries of over-exploitation by its colonial masters and since gaining independence it has tried desperately but unsuccessfully to come to terms with the impact of this exotic presence of foreigners in their beloved country which was possibly diametrically opposed to their culture and temperament. However it should be noted that this western culture has aggressively spread over the world and as much as the Indians opposed it, they finally had to embrace it as it is an inevitable consequence. For an effective decolonization to take place, we must keenly look at the consequences of colonization, what traces have been left on the Indian nation and its people and how deep this scourge and vice is affecting their lives. In this regard, I have briefly attempted to focus on the effects of the split of colonial India into two states, that is, Pakistan and India. This is so because it is a very sensitive issue which is as vast and complex as the Indian nation and millions of people have suffered and died due to the agreement that led to the split of this once diverse, prosperous and peaceful nation. The ripples of the animosity between this nations are still present today leading to tensions among the nations as well as its citizens. Neighboring nations have also been affected by the wrangles between these nation leading to tension, fighting and deterioration of relations among themselves.
Britain, a super power in the seventeenth century had a vision and purpose of extending and enhancing her reputation worldwide and thus she set out to build her ever growing empire and assert her authority on the relatively virgin lands and communities which had not been exploited. Many new territories were brought under her control as she asserted her authority using brutal force and uncouth behavior. They spread from the Far East to Africa with the aim of controlling trade routes to earn revenue and with India’s famous and successful practice of selling spices, Britain finally set her eyes on her and as fate would have it, she fell to this superior master. With centuries of British rule in India, you would expect the gains achieved by this nation to be tremendous. However, the reverse is true as Indians suffered and experienced agony in the hands of British occupation. Their dignity was washed away as the British tried to impart the western culture on this seemingly unlearned and very primitive minority. This nation was for long periods regarded as the jewel in the empire’s crown due to its vast wealth and economic importance that it brought its master. Thus for all its wealth that it had to offer, the British had to take maximum advantage and ensure that they exploit this nation to the fullest. A once prosperous and enviable nation under the rule of its traditional leaders, India turned into a very poor nation as all its wealth was shipped away to benefit its...

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