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Effects Of Smoking Essay

676 words - 3 pages

An estimated forty-two million people, age eighteen years or older in the aunties States smoke cigarettes (CDC). Of these forty-two million, sixteen million are affected by some disease due to cigarette smoking. Smoking is the number one preventable cause of death in the United States.Cigarettes have four main effects to them; the peer image of smoking, the addiction and the health related risks of it.
Some people think smoking is a disgusting habit while others believe it is cool. While others may think it looks cool, it is making health issues that make you look old and causes wrinkles. Some people feel as if their families are in some health danger when others smoke around them. It also sets a bad example for their children. Did you know that children who are raised and associated with people who do smoke are more likely to take up this habit of smoking?( Parents fear that secondhand smoke may affect them and their ...view middle of the document...

The regular use of tobacco in cigarettes is what starts the addiction. Nicotine acts on the chemistry of the brain and central nervous system which affects the smokers mood. Nicotine affects people just like any other addictive drug; it floods the brain's’ reward circuit with dopamine. Dopamine is simply just a chemical messenger. Smokers also get a little bit of a adrenaline rush from nicotine-- not enough to notice, but it is enough to raise your blood pressure and also speed up your heart. Within a few seconds after taking a puff, nicotine reaches your brain and it's effects start to wear off within minutes. Most often this is the leading cause for a smoker to light up again. If they don't smoke again soon, symptoms of withdrawal will occur and gradually get worse over time. When smokers depend on nicotine they begin to experience the physical and emotional withdrawal symptoms when they quit smoking. Some of these symptoms include; irritability, problems with sleeping, headaches and nervousness(American Cancer Society). The crazy part about it is smokers continue to smoke even with having the knowledge of the bad effects it has on their lives, their families, and their own health. In fact, most smokers want to quit. The average smoker that smokes a pack a day, spends about five thousand dollars a year. After the addiction takes place, it then takes a toll on their body's health.
There are many health related risks and deaths due to cigarette smoking. Each year there are four hundred eighty- thousands deaths in the United States. This is approximately one in five deaths. Most deaths caused by smoking are disease such as, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart disease and strokes. Smoking can cause damage to the blood vessels which result in blood vessels thickening and getting narrower. Due to this damage on the blood vessels; it makes the heart beat faster and the blood pressure to go up. Along with this, blood clots can form. If a clot forms and blocks the flow to the heart, a heart attack can take place. Smoking can also reduce blood flow to your legs and skin caused by blockages in the body. It can cause cancer in almost any part of the body (Smoking and Cancer).

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