Effects Of Sunspots Essay

1304 words - 6 pages

Sunspots were first observed by Chinese astronomers in 364 BC, since this time they have continued to infatuate astrophysicists into studying their cycles. These spots are formed when the Sun's magnetic field rises up from underneath the Sun's surface and those magnetic regions break the surface. These magnetic storms can release harmful solar flares into space that head directly towards the Earth. Scientists are now studying new and old data to figure out the effects sunspots have on the weather, electronic devices, and astronaut safety. Understanding how these sunspots work could lead to further technological development in eletrical and other professional fields.
Sunspots are dark spots located on the sun’s surface producing magnetic storms, which release dangerous solar flares in extremely large explosions, consisting of ultraviolet rays. These magnetic storms can often be 2,500 times stronger that Earth’s magnetic field. Temperatures of sunspots are anywhere between 4,900 and 7,600 degrees Fahrenheit, more than two thousand degrees lower than that of the surrounding surface. They can be anywhere from ten miles wide to one hundred thousand miles wide, often expanding and contracting as they move across the surface of the sun. The largest of these can be seen with the naked eye around sun set, but most require a high powered telescope. The easiest ways to see effects of solar flares are the aurora borealis located at the Northern pole, and the aurora australis located at the Southern pole. These were named by the Greeks after Roman goddess’s, and believed to be a sign from the gods. In 1859 during a time of high solar activity these lights were seen over the islands of Hawaii and Cuba. Sunspots vary over time with some years having a lower number of spots, while others can have hundreds. The first spots observed telescopically occurred during the seventeenth and eighteenth century by Thomas Harriot, Christoph Scheiner, and Galileo, all publishing their own description of these spots. Over the decades scientists have been able to place these patterns of high and low periods into cycles.
Sunspot cycles last for an average of twenty two years, consisting of two eleven year cycles. During the first cycle, spots start at a minimum with one to two spots building up to maximum of anywhere between one hundred to two hundred spots for a year. The second cycle is just the opposite, with spots starting at a maximum and coming down over eleven years creating a bell like curve for a complete cycle. Sunspots can have a varying effect on Earth’s weather patterns depending on what period of the cycle is occurring. David Hathaway, who is in charge of NASA’s solar research team in Hunstville, Alabama, believes the current cycle to be “the weakest in two hundred years”(qtd. in Carrington). These sunspots release solar flares which have a direct effect on the Earth’s weather. With such a weak current cycle, Hathaway believes the next decade could experience...

Find Another Essay On Effects of sunspots

Global Warming, (In class Essay)

850 words - 3 pages output (Sunspots), or several other factors including sulfur dioxide emitted by volcanoes.Human caused warming is by increased concentrations of greenhouse gasses such as carbon dioxide, Methane and a CFC's.Humans have also emitted sulfur dioxide, which has a cooling effect and has tended to mask the warming effect of rising carbon dioxide for much of the last 100 years until the mid-1970's, when clean air acts became operative.This planet is

Global Warming Essay

1317 words - 5 pages GLOBAL WARMING Global warming is an ever increasing problem. Through our careless pollution of the Earth's atmosphere, disruptions are apparent world wide. This essay will focus on what effects global warming will have on the UK in the not too distant future. Will the effects be good, or will the effects be bad ?, and are we to blame ? The world's top climate scientists now agree that our climate is changing and probably for the worst. Worse for

Volcanic Eruptions and Global Climate Change

1562 words - 6 pages Volcanic Eruptions and Global Climate Change Abstract There has been much debate in recent decades over how much volcanic eruptions contribute to global climate change, the destruction of the ozone layer, and global warming. This electronic term paper deals with various sides of this debate. There will be a specific focus on the great nineteenth century eruptions of Tambora and Krakatoa. Table of Contents Introduction The Effects

Global Warming - We CAN Make a Difference

1283 words - 5 pages places like rain forests and will results in increased rainfall in places like the deserts. In some regions, river flow will be reduced or stopped all together. Other areas will experience sudden downpours that create massive floods. Coastal regions, where half the human population lives, will feel the effects of rising sea levels as the ice caps melt under rising ocean temperatures. Much of the land along the coasts would disappear, as would

The Ozone Layer

1121 words - 4 pages importantly, it absorbs the portion of ultraviolet light called UVB. UVB has been linked to many harmful effects, including various types of skin cancer, cataracts, and harm to some crops, certain materials, and some forms of marine life.At any given time, ozone molecules are constantly formed and destroyed in the stratosphere. The total amount, however, remains relatively stable. While ozone concentrations vary naturally with sunspots, the seasons, and

We Must Stop Global Warming

2228 words - 9 pages role in global warming because of the increase in carbon dioxide measured in parts per million, but the number of sunspots is not increasing over the past century. Carbon dioxide from greenhouse gases are outweighing the effects from the sunspot cycles that are occurring every eleven years. The major effect that the sunspot cycles causes is a change in weather patterns. Sunspot cycles can not dramatically change the temperature of the Earth

Leonardo Da Vinci and His Contributions

2332 words - 9 pages information he gathered was intended for ship construction for improving speed and maneuverability. He sketched the effects on having a round bow or a sharp bow in the water and the flow pattern created by them. His insight in all of this came from observing fish and the shape of their body. At the end of it all he concluded that in order to have a faster ship it would have to be wider bow. We have now discovered that his idea or hypothesis

Documentary: “World Peace versus the United Nations”

1671 words - 7 pages . I will prove this by examining the effects of the world’s reliance on the UN to solve international problems, and argue that the UN fails to resolve these issues because of the power imbalance within the group. This imbalance inhibits global peace by providing large countries with too much international decision-making power, which undermines international relationships and allows for powerful countries to control how the UN and the ICC

Analysis of the Weather in Space

1476 words - 6 pages On October 27, 2003, the Sun came off the heels of emitting some massive, X-class solar flares. Just the day before, at both 650 and 1815 UTC, the Sun launched two flares from sunspots 486 and 484, respectively. They were expected to create aurorae after striking Earth’s magnetic field sometime on October 28. Little was it known at the time that this event would pale in comparison to what was coming in only a matter of days, if not hours

The History of Makeup

1680 words - 7 pages . Women who had a decent smell were presumed to be wealthy. The Romans disliked wrinkles, freckles, sunspots, skin flakes, and blemishes. Everyone had to be attractive in Rome. Most of the things could have been treated though. Freckles were treated by ashes of snails and to get rid of wrinkles they used bean meal and milk. You would think hair would be attractive to women right? Well not in Rome. Hair was considered unattractive to beautiful women

Depletion of the Ozone Layer: Its causes, effects, and possible solutions

2740 words - 11 pages portion of the radiation from the sun, preventing it from reaching the planet's surface. Most importantly, it absorbs the portion of ultraviolet light called UVB. UVB has been linked to many harmful effects including various types of skin cancer, cataracts, and harm to some crops, certain materials, and some forms of marine life. At any given time, ozone molecules are constantly formed and destroyed in the stratosphere. The total amount, however

Similar Essays

Mysteries And Miracles Of Our Sun

1549 words - 6 pages as much as once every 36 days. This odd behavior is because the Sun is not solid like terrestrial planets such as Earth, but it is not the only one that exhibits this pattern. Similar effects are seen in most Jovian planets. Interestingly enough, the core of the Sun rotates as a solid body. Sunspots are one of the most commonly known phenomena’s about the Sun. It occurs at the surface in active regions and will be seen as dark areas against the

Is A Mini Ice Age Imminent?

1542 words - 6 pages beginning to enter the next cycle of sunspots, one major environmental concern we have now that was not a factor in the past is the CO2 emissions – known as greenhouse gases. These gases are having a direct affect to the warming of the earth (Shaw and Shaw) and although the earth is entering the next cycle of sunspots (Hathaway) – it still must contend with the increased gases and the warming effect those gases are having. Under historical situations

The Sun Essay

693 words - 3 pages the Energy it possesses. So since UVC has the shortest wave length, it therefore has the highest energy which means it can penetrate skin and cause mutations in chromosomes and genes.Although the electromagnetic radiation that comes from the sun in the form of visible and infrared light is life-supporting and environmentally friendly, the other form of the spectrum have damaging effects on life and the surrounding environment.The Solar

Cfc Use Essay

726 words - 3 pages reducing the amount of ozone. It is clear, however, that the positive aspects of CFC use severely outweigh the negative effects of CFCs.First of all, CFCs are simply necessary to operate every day products like hair spray, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Without CFCs, America would be at a terrible loss. in addition to this, however, there are several other positive effects of using CFCs. When the CFCs from the coolants go into the