Steroids have for years been associated with cheating. Though long ago it was common practice for athletes and bodybuilders to use them in order to have an edge in order to become the best, that perception has fallen away along with the careers of many famous athletes. Today the negative connotation associated with using steroids is stronger than ever before. The most recent scandal involved the allegations that world famous cyclist Lance Armstrong, a seven time consecutive winner of the Tour de France, used performance-enhancing drugs. Armstrong later admitted to using them and was promptly banned from participating in cycling events as well as stripped of his awards.
Abuse of drugs has not however been limited to the professional athletic world. According to research conducted by Dr. Philip Veliz, Dr. Carol Boyd, and Dr. Sean Esteban McCabe, there has been a connection discovered between the abuse of ADHD medication and male athletes in high school. Beyond sports, there has been a recent development that is becoming a cause for concern in high school and college classrooms. More and more students have admitted to abusing the drug Adderall. They have turned to it in the hope of improving focus, helping their memory during study sessions, and increase performance on exams. This is an issue that is demanding a solution.
As with steroids among athletes, students who are found to be abusing Adderall are to face similar severe consequences. The education process is not meant to be a challenge to cause students to turn to drugs to allow them to perform better. In order to find the appropriate response to this new form of cheating, it is important to understand the drug itself including who it is meant for and the effects that it has on them as well as a discussion of possible courses of action that can be implanted to prevent an escalation of this situation.
A good amount of research has been conducted recently since Attention Deficit Disorder, now referred to as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, was discovered in the 1980s (Rigney, 2012, p.1033-1036). Since there is no currently known cause of the disorder, the APA and AAP have found another way around that obstacle to diagnose it by studying the symptoms that the patient experiences over a six month period. According to the research conducted by Erinn L. Rigney, among the key factors for there being more people who do not actually have the disorder but still have access to ADHD medication is the vague procedures for diagnosing ADHD. It is noted in the excerpt from the DSM-IV-TR, the criteria used for ADHD diagnosis, that, “In a child six to twelve years old who presents inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, academic underachievement, or behavior problems, primary care clinicians should initiate an evaluation for ADHD. (Rigney, 2012, p.1038)”
Rigney’s argument is that the recommendation that a child observed by his or her parents or teachers as having “behavior problems” should be...