This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Egypt And Mesopotamia Essay

625 words - 3 pages


Two of the earliest and greatest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt, show the transition from a Paleolithic society into a settled civilization. Both cultures had established kings; however, the Pharaoh is the god-king of Egypt, while in Mesopotamia the monarchs are priest-kings whom serve the gods. Although Mesopotamia and Egypt have some characteristics in common, which bring them under the “First Civilizations” category, their different views and beliefs about divine authority and how it is practiced set these civilizations apart and make them unique.
Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were affiliated with divine authority. The priest-king of Mesopotamia and the pharaoh of Egypt were both closely tied to religious institutions. Even though both civilizations carried out their roles of kingship in different ways, the duties and responsibilities that they had to take were the same in many aspects. The two major roles as a priest-king or pharaoh were order and protection. They were in charge of maintaining peace and justice between not only the people of civilization, but also outsiders. He was looked upon as a religious who carried out religious, political, and social rituals and functions. Not only was he looked upon as a religious leader, but also as a military leader. They had to lead their armies into battle, and decide what was best for the people at the moment. Hammurabi, for example, was one of the greatest kings of Mesopotamia. Not only was he a successful military leader and administrator, but also believed in justice, which is why he created laws that governed Babylon called the Code of Hammurabi. An example of a great Egyptian

pharaoh was Hatshepsut, the first female to rule Ancient Egypt. During her reign, Egypt’s economy flourished and trade relations expanded.
Although the kings of both lands were closely tied to religious institutions they had very different...

Find Another Essay On egypt and mesopotamia

Comparison essay on Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, one page max

554 words - 2 pages Mesopotamia and Ancient EgyptThe first, true civilizations in ancient times both formed near prominent rivers. These first civilizations developed in the Middle East, Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates and Egypt by the Nile River. Egypt and Mesopotamia are examples of some early river-valley civilizations that relied heavily on its geographies and the surrounding environment. Mesopotamian civilization featured a distinctive culture and

Similarities Between The Ancient Societies of Egypt and Mesopotamia

695 words - 3 pages The ancient societies of Egypt and Mesopotamia had distinct similarities as well as differences relating to topography, the relationship to their bordering river, government, religion, and economics. In terms of topography, Mesopotamian agriculture was only achieved through the development of irrigation and a good drainage system. This fact had a profound effect on the evolution of early Mesopotamian civilization. The necessity of irrigation

Compare and Contrast the Rise and Fall of Mesopotamia and Egypt

2032 words - 9 pages In this project I plan on exploring the contrasts and comparisons between the rise of Mesopotamia and Egypt. I chose this particular question because during my junior year I took and AP World History class in which we of course studied the worlds history. One on my favorite things that we studied in that class was ancient Empires. Mr. Herman, my AP teacher during that time, went through the Mesopotamian and Egyptian Empires rather too quickly

Legal systems, their development, uses and importance in Egypt and Mesopotamia

555 words - 2 pages case for Egypt, but not for Mesopotamia which had less distinct social hierarchies. Although ancient legal systems are considered inhumane, it is clear that both the legal systems of Egypt and Mesopotamia were necessary in order to maintain stability and control of the population.Egyptian laws are based on the principle of common sense. Instead of having such a rigid law system the Egyptians opted on following the codes based on the concept of “

How Did the Geographic Features of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Impact Civilization Development?

2109 words - 8 pages the Mediterranean Sea of Egypt and Mesopotamia, the link between developing cultures and geography will be examined through sources, including Egypt: Ancient Culture, Modern Land edited by Jaromir Malek and Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization by Paul Kriwaczek. To determine the extent of its influence, this investigation will attempt to compare and contrast the role of geography in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, focusing on the

The Invention of Writing in World Civilizations by Either Focusing on Mesopotamia and Egypt

990 words - 4 pages The invention of writing was the beginning of information revolution in which it allows ideas and news to be conveyed in a distant place easily without having to heavily reliant on the messenger’s memory. The invention is valuable and crucial in ancient world civilizations such as Mesopotamia and Egypt as the writing systems recorded information such as the amount of agricultural crops as well as information relating to religion and government

Similarities in the Artwork of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece

1028 words - 4 pages The artworks of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece have similarities that not only reflect objects and images, but also the media, style and representation. These countries were not always wealthy, clever, creative and powerful enough to gain supplies, but they all find a way to create art with what they had. They have all influenced on each other’s cultures and belief through their artistic values and ways

World View of Mesopotamia and Egypt

1292 words - 5 pages Mesopotamia was the birthplace of the world's earliest known cities. The Mesopotamians developed one of the earliest writing systems, along with mathematics and astronomy. Later on developments of this great civilization include the wheel and the sail. They also divided time units into sixty parts which led to the concept of our 60 second minute and 60 minute hour. So this great culture has done so much for humanity, so lets look closely at what

The Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were...

1732 words - 7 pages Culture in the Indus Valley CivilizationThe Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were first established. Unlike the other civilizations the Indus Valley Civilization declined and disappeared around 1500 BC. The Indus Valley was located on the subcontinent of Asia or modern day Pakistan, great

Ancient Egypt vs. Ancient Mesopotamia

568 words - 2 pages Thousands of years ago, there were two ancient civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia. Both were quite remarkable in technology and language, but each civilization had different advances. These two ancient cultures were also located close to each other, but their geographies were a bit different resulting in varied farming methods. The last thing that Egypt and Mesopotamia both had was religion, though each of their religious practices was unique

River Valley Civilizations Essay: Mesopotamia vs Egypt - History - Essay

507 words - 3 pages The modern form of humans came around 200,000 years ago, and since that time we have evolved from hunter-gatherers into a stationary, civilized society that we live in today. This is all thanks to early civilizations, such as Mesopotamia and Egypt, that became the core and foundation of later ways of life. Mesopotamia and Egypt had several common traits to thrive and unique perspectives on how to live that set them apart. For instance, two

Similar Essays

Ancient Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay

1091 words - 4 pages 1) I have chosen to discuss the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Both have many significant similarities and differences. I would like to compare some important points in four common categories. I will compare and contrast the geography and its impact, the political structure of each society, the importance of their existing class structures and finally the role of women in these dynamic civilizations.Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in

Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay

883 words - 4 pages Mesopotamia, which means "the land between the two rivers", was exactly that; an area of land between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Many civilizations were created and destroyed on this land because of its lack of natural boundaries, leaving it quite vulnerable to attack. Egypt, protected by natural barriers on all sides, remained uninfluenced for many years. Not many other civilizations came in contact with the Egyptian people. Thus

Difference Between Water In Egypt And Mesopotamia

689 words - 3 pages Water was more important to the development of a working civilization in Ancient Egypt than Mesopotamia for the following reasons: irrigation, drinking, resources and trade. Although these factors were used by both Egypt and Mesopotamia, the latter had a better understanding and control over water than Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (3500 B.C.E. - 530 B.C.E.) was located in northeast Syria, which is now know today as Iraq. It was mainly

Egypt And Mesopotamia: A Societal And Religious Comparison

715 words - 3 pages The Egyptian and Mesopotamian religion and society were similar, but their government system was different. The religions in Egypt and Mesopotamia were similar because both were polytheistic, had beliefs of an afterlife, as well as priests who were part of the upper levels of the social hierarchy. Social similarities between Egypt and Mesopotamia included: rigid social structure, dependence on slavery, and authoritative religious structure