In Egypt, Gods ruled every citizen’s day to day lives. You would wake up with Ra, the Sun God, and then you work all day to please them. As well as living to please the Gods, each citizen had many laws that they needed to follow each and every day. It is thought that all of these laws within Egypt were codified. (Egypt: Law and the Legal System, 2013) For laws to be codified, it means that they make their laws part of some type of an organized arrangement. Many laws that were in place were basically a code of ethics. They believed in having the right punishment for what the crime was. I guess you could say they believed in an eye for an eye. Through this, each of these citizens followed the concept of what was known as Ma’at, or the Goddess of Justice. (Egypt: Law and the Legal System, 2013)
Ma’at represented truth, order, balance, and justice within our universe. The Goddess of Justice was depicted as being a woman who had a feather on the top of her head. Ma’at actually was the daughter of the sun God Ra. Aside from Ra, she was associated with the God of Wisdom, who was named Thoth. In many paintings, Pharaohs are depicted giving some type of offering to Ma'at and the gods. (Gods and Goddesses, 2012) These paintings are illustrating a scene where they are showing the Gods that they are preserving both harmony and justice on earth.
Ma’at was thought of as a concept where everyone was to be treated as equals. The one exception to this concept was slaves who were looked at as anything but. Each and every citizen was to be viewed as an equal no matter what their social status was and how much money they had be it wealthy or poor. As good Ma’at seemed for society, it did, however, have many downfalls. When a punishment was to be carried out, it was not uncommon for the whole family of the accused to be punished for that persons wrong doing as well. For example, when an individual was to be sentenced to exile, their children, spouse, etc. were automatically outlawed and banished along with them. Another example of this is that if a relative has deserted from their military service, then the entire family might possibly be imprisoned. (Egypt: Law and the Legal System, 2013)
All of Ancient Egypt was ruled and dominated by one single man; the Pharaoh. He controlled the government as well as any other concerns, or problems within his kingdom. The people believed that the Pharaoh was more than a man. They believed that he himself was actually a god living with them here on Earth. Because they all believed that he was a God, this gave him absolute control over all affairs of his Empire and its people. (Ancient Egyptian Government) Because Egypt was a Theocracy, meaning that it was ruled by religious leaders, Egypt was ruled by a clergy as well as the Pharaoh. A clergy is a body of people who were ordained to perform any type of religious service. Almost always, the Pharaohs advisers were Priests. Priests were believed to be the only ones whom were...