Egyptian Hieroglyphs And Coptic Essay

1034 words - 4 pages

Primary sources, such as archaeological sites, artifacts and written material from different historical periods gives one an insight into the lives and beliefs of the people and the culture responsible for creating those artifacts and shaping their lives. Ancient Egypt, with its treasure trove of excavated sites, the treasures of the tombs of the Pharoah’s, the vast collection of inscribed stones and detailed papyrus scrolls shows us the beliefs which informed ancient Egyptian culture.
After the advent of Christianity, Egypt became home to the Coptics and some of the most important icons and other artifacts of this religious denomination provide insights into the belief of this Christian religious sect. St Catherine's monastery in the Sinai holds some of the most important icons of the Coptic religion and it shows the various phases in the development of the order as well as the art of iconoclasm. This paper explores the lives and beliefs of Egyptians based on their hieroglyphs as well as Coptic artifacts.
Judgment before Osiris, a painted papyrus from the Egyptian Book of Dead, Dynasty 19, at present located in the British Museum is an important artifact that aids in the study of the funerary practices that were one of the most important aspects of ancient Egyptian civilization. This papyrus contains not only hieroglyphs but also illustrations and these are generally placed in the coffin in the belief that the dead person could use them in the afterworld or in the event of resurrection.
The papyrus scroll contains a host of characters from Egyptian mythology, associated with the Dynasty 19 such as Anubis, “the jackal headed god of embalming” who is charged with the task of looking after the judgment scales, used to weigh a person’s deeds on earth. The person being judged is Hunefer, the Royal scribe, who was part of the administrative machinery of ancient Egypt. The elaborate scroll and the presence of the several deities from the Egyptian pantheon reveal the importance of the scribe in the Egyptian administrative setup.
One of the most important elements of ancient Egypt that is seen in the scroll is the importance of the afterlife for Egyptians. The vast array of characters, the number of gods and goddesses, the solemnity of the whole exercise points out the fact that the Egyptians were staunch believers in the afterlife and their actions, especially relative to funerary practices reveals their religiosity as well as stress upon mortality.
The element of righteousness and its impact upon one's afterlife is one of the most important aspects of this scroll. The weighing scales and the feather and heart are symbolic, in the sense that the feather is symbolic of righteousness while the heart may be seen as a symbol of the dead person whose vices and virtues have to be weighed before the person can be awarded “eternal life.”
The importance of good deeds as a precursor for resurrection and also to enjoy a happy afterlife is understood from...

Find Another Essay On Egyptian Hieroglyphs and Coptic

Communication through a stone Essay

877 words - 4 pages to deciphering the Rosetta stone and understanding the ancient Egyptian noble's written language was in 1808. At the age of 18 Jean Francois Champollion obtained a copy of the Rosetta stone inscription. Champollion realized that hieroglyphs were comprised of two different types. Ideograms signified a specific object, and phonograms were sound signs that had no particular relationship to the word they represented. Champollion generalized and

The Apocalypse of Adam Essay

2361 words - 9 pages into many scholars' minds about the authenticity of the text that we have in Coptic. There is debate about how accurate the translation is into Coptic. Due to this really loose translation, except for the main mythology and the Gnostic slant, The Apocalypse of Adam could very easily be an Egyptian text (Linder, 128). In other texts in the Nag Hammadi library, there are many scribal errors, which just places more doubt as to how much trust can be

Egyptian Poetry,Music and Dance

1144 words - 5 pages found from that era. Ancient Egyptian music and dance can be learned mostly by the ancient tombs (Fiero). The poetry from that era comes from the ancient scrolls. Trying to decode all of the scrolls, tombs, and hieroglyphs is the only way we will be able to understand their culture a little more.Ancient Egyptian music is still a mystery to us to this day. We have musical artifacts from the time period but we do not actually know what it sounded like

Ancient egyptian culture

1022 words - 4 pages by everybody, except perhaps during the periods when the outsiders usurped the throne of Egypt." For the writing language they used hieroglyphics and Coptic. This would be a great language to learn.Old Egyptian is the language that scientists think was being spoken when the pyramids were built. The spoken language somewhat changed over time. The words are made up mostly of consonant sounds. The language derived from other cultures such as Hebrew

Short Description of Hieroglyphs for Visual Display

568 words - 2 pages so signs and had standard spellings for words. The final stage in the evolution of hieroglyphs involved thousands of signs and incorporated the ideas of signs representing sounds, syllables, and words as well as determinative. Around 400 CE the Egyptian system of hieroglyphics completely died out and was replace by an essentially Greek alphabet. After this point it was not until 1822, when French Egyptologist Jean François Champollion

Ancient Egyptian Influence on Modern Religion

3632 words - 15 pages -aurora/ Ancient Egyptian religion religious symbols and art. The Egyptian hieroglyphic ‘ankh,’ also known as the Egyptian cross, is defined as the key of life or crux ansata meaning eternal life (“Ankh”). Coptic Christians or native Christians of Egypt associate with the Coptic Cross, an adaptation of the ankh, symbolizing eternal and everlasting love of God. Egyptian Ankh meaning eternal life Coptic Christian

Ancient Hieroglyphics: The Decipherment, Dissemination, and Development Relating to Todays Modern English Language

1175 words - 5 pages Egyptians consisted of picture-like drawings that could be found on the walls of caves, pottery, and religious documents. This unique form of writing is known today as “hieroglyphs”, meaning “sacred writings”. Each letter of the Egyptian alphabet had its own symbol, therefore allowing the ancient Egyptians to spell out words using the pictures. Rather than the pictures standing for an individual letter, the pictures symbolized sounds within words

Image for the Egyptians

929 words - 4 pages The image of ancient Egyptian life was found in many different types of artifacts. The strong belief in the afterlife and the gods and goddesses were depicted in statues and hieroglyphs. So let’s go over six different types of artifacts that represent these images that the Egyptian people had for themselves.Six artifacts that have strong image of the Egyptian people are the Giza pyramids, Egyptian sarcophagi, statues of gods and kings, and

Ancient Egypt

6164 words - 25 pages blocks, move them, and sculpt them into the great structures known as the Pyramids. As you can imagine they took several decades of day in and day out work to complete these massive structures. The hieroglyphs were also an important part of not only the Ancient Egyptian culture but the pyramids especially. They provided pictorial descriptions for burial chambers, temples, jewelry, and important statues. Ways to decipher them were unknown until the

The creation of the Ancient Egyptian Calendar and twenty four hour time had a significant impact on modern societies.

802 words - 3 pages . Westerners applied the calculations from this calendar and applied it to the Roman calendar. Since this was done, all Christian festivals were held at the same time. In 1582 this all changed when the Westerners changed it to that of Pope Gregory XIII. Since the Coptic calendar is accurate in its forecasts of weather conditions, seasons, agriculture and flooding of the Nile, many farmers still use this calendar.The Ancient Egyptian calendar has made

The Serabit Inscriptions in light of the Wadi El Hol

898 words - 4 pages refer as Proto-Sinaitic"3, aging from approximately 1550 and 1450 B.C., were discovered in the Sinai and in the Syrian-Palestinian area when occupied by the ancient Canaanites. Those examples, known as the Proto-Sinaitic and Proto-Canaanites inscriptions, were the main basis on which scholars argued that Semitics developed the first an alphabet by simplifying Egyptians hieroglyphs in their own way. However, we know now from the Wadi el-Hol

Similar Essays

The Rosetta Stone Essay

1028 words - 4 pages was at least partially alphabetic. (Giblin 83) He came to this conclusion after referring back to three other different forms of Egyptian writing and also using Coptic as a reference. Recognizing the name 'Ptolemy' and 'Cleopatra' in the Greek and demotic sections of the stone allowed him to identify those same names in hieroglyphics. Still wondering, he didn't think that hieroglyphs were regularly used in a phonetic way to write in ancient

Untitled Essay

1043 words - 4 pages ancient Egyptian script was at least partially alphabetic. (Giblin 83) He came to this conclusion after referring back to three other different forms of Egyptian writing and also using Coptic as a reference. Recognizing the name 'Ptolemy' and 'Cleopatra' in the Greek and demotic sections of the stone allowed him to identify those same names in hieroglyphics. Still wondering, he didn't think that hieroglyphs were regularly used in a phonetic way

Coptic Christians Essay

1075 words - 5 pages and Protestants have each had an unstable relationship with the seemingly dominant Orthodox Church, to which an estimated 90% of all Christians living in Egypt belong. Despite constant unfair treatment and discrimination by the Egyptians, the Coptic Christians refuse to give up on their beliefs and practices. The word “Coptic” directly means “Egyptian”, so the citizens of Egypt who identify as Christian would be considered Coptic Christians. The

Aaaaaa Essay

1276 words - 6 pages . He was regarded by the Coptic hierarchy as the first of their unbroken 118 patriarchs ( He was also the first of a large group of Egyptian martyrs or the first of a person who suffers persecution and death because of a religious belief. St. Marks was a very broad-minded Apostle, who preached in many different countries and who established the School of Alexandria. The Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church is the leader of the church. The