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Egyptian Mythology Essay

1582 words - 7 pages

The Egyptian culture is known for pharaohs and the pyramids, but the mythological aspect of Egyptian religion is not as famous as Greek or Roman mythology. The Egyptians, like many other ancient civilizations, worshipped their gods in order to gain protection and prosperity. The Egyptian gods, unlike many other civilizations, were not terrifying beings that were greatly feared. They were powerful, beautiful beings that nurtured and guided humanity. The Egyptian gods fell in love and had children; they felt anger, sadness, hatred, and fear. The Egyptian gods portrayed many human characteristics. The Egyptians feared their gods, but they also loved them.
The Egyptian religion was a ...view middle of the document...

Temples to Isis were found in many areas; she was even worshipped by some Greeks and Romans and some groups till worship her today. She was the daughter of Nut and Geb and sister and wife Osiris. She was so powerful she was able to trick Ra into revealing his secret name to her and then she gained his power. Although she is powerful, she is never shown as cruel or evil (Gods and mythology).
Osiris is the husband of Isis and he was a primary deity during the height of Egypt. He was killed and then resurrected by Isis. He is depicted as a green-skinned man dressed in the fashion of a mummified pharaoh. He is the patron of the Underworld, the dead and past Pharaohs. Horus is the son of Osiris and Isis. He is depicted as a man with a falcon head. Horus is the patron of living Pharaohs, rulers, law, war, young men, and the sun. He was worshipped throughout Egypt in various forms (Gods and mythology). Isis, Osiris, and Horus make up a trinity that parallels the relationship of Mary, God, and Jesus.
Bast is the second most popular Egyptian goddess, after Isis. She is most commonly shown as a woman with the head of a cat. She is the patron of cats, women, the sun, and secrets (Gods and mythology). She was the daughter of Ra, who was known to give either great blessings or truly frightening punishments as the “Eye of Ra” (Encyclopedia).
The final most prominent Egyptian God was Bes. He was the patron of childbirth, infants, humor, song, and dance. He is depicted as a “fat bearded dwarf, ugly to the point to being comical. Bes is not an original Egyptian god, but his origins are unknown. During childbirth, Bes would dance about the room, shaking a rattle and yelling to ward off demons that would put a curse upon the child. After the child was born, he would stay beside the cradle and entertain the baby (Gods and mythology).
The gods of the Egyptian religion were very important in to the people of Egypt, but the central aspect of the religion was death. Their entire lives were focused on the life after death. An example of the Egyptians concern with death is the Book of the Dead. The Book of the dead is not a book, but a collection of spells the Egyptians used to reach the afterlife. The Book of the Dead is not like the Bible or the Torah. It is “practical guide” to help souls survive the dangerous journey into the afterlife. The “book” was a roll of papyrus with many different spells written on it; the rich were able to choose which spells they wanted written for them. There were spells to help protect and control the body after death and spells to protect against animals, such as snakes, crocodiles, and insects. There were also spells to for protection against the gods or demons in the service of the gods. The book provided these protections from animals and gods, so that the souls would not have to face a fate worse than death. If the souls died again in the afterlife, they would be lost forever. The soul would cease to exist. The book gave...

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