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El Árbol, María Luisa Bombal Essay

689 words - 3 pages

María Luisa Bombal, gran escritora chilena nacida el 8 de junio de 1910 en Viña del Mar, es la autora del cuento que se procederá analizar: El Árbol. La obra de esta autora se centra en personajes femeninos y en su mundo interior, el cual las conduce fuera de la realidad.Para comprender este cuento se debe analizar el contexto histórico en el que vivía la autora, época en la cual la mujer latinoamericana era mirada en menos, como un adorno, como un ser intuitivo y pasivo más que intelectual. Muestra de esto es que la mujer aún no había conseguido plena participación política, como tampoco acceso pleno a la educación y a mundo laboral. Asimismo, el siglo XX es un período crítico en la historia de la humanidad, dónde se tuvo que enfrentar, entre otras cosas, las dos guerras mundiales. Empiezan a aparecer nuevas técnicas literarias, como la corriente de la conciencia, el monólogo interior y el cambio de voces en las narraciones. María Luisa Bombal es por excelencia una escritora que nos entrega obras a través del mundo onírico, del inconciente, de los sueños, de lo que se escapa de la realidad. El estilo indirecto libre, utilizado por la autora en "Él Árbol" también comienza a ser recurrente en el siglo XX.En "El Árbol" se materializa perfectamente el estilo de la autora, dado que en él se nos entrega el mundo interior de Brígida, una mujer que ha estado sometida a diferentes personas que la han convencido en el transcurso de su vida de que es una mujer sin capacidad intelectual.En su niñez, su padre es quién la menosprecia y se burla de ella, insistiendo que su único atributo es la belleza. Cuándo el tiempo pasa y Brígida se convierte en una mujer esta realidad no cambia, ya que su marido no la toma en cuenta como una esposa, sino que la ve como la niña que conoció, la niña bonita pero sin opinión y hasta tonta.A pesar de no poseer demasiada inteligencia, Brígida es una persona con una inmensa sensibilidad,...

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