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Electoral College Essay

2345 words - 10 pages

If anyone asked you “Is our election system fair?” what would you say? If you said no, you may be aware of some big flaws in the Electoral College. If you said yes, then you’re unaware of some major flaws in our voting system. Why do we even have the Electoral College? Why hasn’t it been changed in the last 200+ years? We have the Electoral College because the founding fathers wanted an election system where smaller states could have a more equal voice in government on a national stage. The system is not equal by means of everyone’s vote being equal and it never has been. The United States of America should abolish the Electoral College in favor of a voting system that has no geographic ties and that gives representation based on a more accurate measure of voters’ views because this type of system would be equal for everybody and be a truer representation of the population’s views.
The Electoral College was chosen by our founding fathers because they felt it best fit their society. It was a compromise between congress choosing the president and a popular vote of qualified citizens (National Archives). James Madison was not in favor of a popular vote because at the time of the constitutional convention (1787), slaves counted as 3/5 of a person and therefore the south would always be a minority. Another concern with popular vote was that no candidate would become popular on a national level and you would just have a few regionally popular candidates. The Founding Fathers didn’t want congress to choose the president because they wanted the president and congress to be independent of each other (Goldman). There was also concern about a national, popular vote because many Americans could not read and they lived isolated lives (Stewart).The society that the Electoral College was based on is nonexistent in modern day America.
Most states choose their vote by the “winner take all” system. This means that the candidate in each state that has the most popular votes wins that states vote. For example, if Barrack Obama won 52% of the popular votes in a state then he would win all of the votes in that state (New York Times). A downside of this is that it suppresses minorities’ votes. Since there is only one winner minorities’ votes don’t matter in the overall outcome of the vote which means their views are not represented. This system is used in every state except for Maine and Nebraska (Representation 2020). Maine and Nebraska use a system where each district in the state receives an electoral vote, instead of all the votes going towards a statewide popular vote. Maine adopted this after the 1968, which was the last time a 3rd party candidate received national attention. Maine did not think it would be fair if all 3 candidates received about 1/3 of the vote and only one candidate was represented (Mental Floss). Maine and Nebraska use this proportional vote system as a way to represent varying ideas on a proportional basis.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was...

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