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Electoral College Editorial Essay

1032 words - 5 pages

The method of electing the President has been questioned over many years in the United States. It all started in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 where several methods were considered. These methods consisted on electing the President by Congress, by the governors of each state, state legislatures, and direct popular election. After a lot of consideration, the matter was finalized with a “promising” plan. This plan would soon be called the Electoral College System. According to this system, a large body of people representing the U.S (electors) would cast a vote to elect a President. Throughout the years, the Electoral College has been a topic that many U.S citizens debate over it being fair or not to elect the President. This system brings many benefits but plenty disadvantage as well. The Electoral College fails to fairly select a President, therefore must be replaced with a new system. Through this plan, a large amount of votes are ignored, voters are discouraged, and the electors have the last word in the election of the President making it an unfair method.
A major fail in the Electoral College is how large percentage of votes are ignored. The Electoral College believes that everyone in each state votes the same. This assumption is truly wrong because most states are deeply divided in Presidential elections. They are often unsure of which candidate to vote for making them “swing states.” Swing States are those states who have similar levels of support for the two major political parties of the United States. In 2000, a clear example occurred during a Presidential election. The state of New Hampshire gave 47% of the popular votes to Al Gore and 48% to George W. Bush. The candidate with the majority of the votes, George W. Bush, won all the electoral votes for that one state. What was not taken into consideration was that 52% of the voters did not choose him. This is where the problem comes into place. The 52% of the electorate, being the majority, were all ignored. The Electoral College does not accurately demonstrate how the public in each state is divided.
Additionally, this plan allows candidates to pay more attention to larger states without a clear favorite and discourages voter participation. The winner-take-all system is included in the Electoral College. Therefore, if a candidate wins a plurality of the popular votes in a state, they win all their electoral votes. In order to do this, a lot of time and effort are put into campaigning etc. Those states that constantly vote for the same party each election are ignored. States such as California, Texas, and even New York are known to vote for a particular party. Candidates like to target swing states for this reason. They campaign more in states like Florida and Ohio in efforts to turn the results in their favor. This leaves less populated states and swing states with less attention (campaigning, ads, etc.). Voters are also discouraged to vote in this process. Numerous...

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