Electricity Production Essay

1090 words - 4 pages

Electricity is a necessity in our lives. Many people can’t function daily without it. Everything in a home functions primarily with electricity. It takes great precision and a lot of around the clock work to insure power is available for use. The process of producing electricity is taken for granted by most people because it seems to always be readily available. No one truly appreciates the need for electricity until the power goes out. Many years ago, food was kept cool in ice boxes, houses were kept warm by using wood burning ovens, and were lit by using kerosene lamps. Thanks to the development of electricity, advances in technology have evolved. Without electricity, it would be hard to produce the voltage and amperage necessary to produce high quality radiographs. Although electricity maybe the main contributor to x-ray production, transformers and rectifiers are also of great importance. Electricity has paved the way for advances in the medical field.

The Production of Electricity

All matter is made up of atoms, which are made of even smaller subatomic particles. These subatomic particles are referred to as protons, neutrons, and electrons. Electrons orbit the nucleus which is made up of protons and neutrons. If enough energy is added to an electron, it will move out of its orbit and into the next shell. Valence electrons don’t have a shell to enter, so it will jump to another atom . Electrons flow and move around in some materials known as conductors. Protons are not capable of this because they are heavier than electrons. Conductors include, aluminum, silver, copper and gold. Copper is mainly used because of its conducting abilities and because there is a large quantity of it ( Killinger & Killinger, 2003).

Electrons are readily available in the copper wire. Power stations is where most electricity is generated. Steam produced from the heating of water at the power stations, move turbines. Generators are connected to these turbines. The force produced by passing wire through magnetic fields, causes the electrons in the copper wire to travel to the next atom. This creates a domino effect throughout the copper wire. The rapid speed in which the electrical impulse travels is the speed of light. Therefore, electricity is the movement of the electrons (Killinger & Killinger, 2003)

Once electricity is produced at the power plant it needs to be distributed . A step up transformer increases the voltage. The voltage travels through power lines until it reaches an

area where the power is needed. Once at the location, the voltage goes through a step-down transformer in order to decrease the voltage. Once voltage is decreased it is carried from the substation and into a home (Solcomhouse, n.d.).

Voltage, amperage and resistance are the three basic units in electricity. Voltage is the potential difference or energy that pushes electrons around in order to produce an electrical current flow. Voltage is measured in...

Find Another Essay On Electricity Production

Alternate Fuels Essay

618 words - 2 pages . Hydrogen is very efficient for our environment, and doesn't pollute. The only problem with hydrogen fuel cells is that it is very flammable. Electricity gives your car very good gas mileage, but the production of electricity pollutes the environment.Bio diesel is very efficient, and doesn't heavily pollute our environment. The best thing about bio diesel is that it can be produced in your kitchen. The vegetable oil and fatty acids are filtered

The liberalization of Europe's electricity market

1574 words - 6 pages in England and Wales), other countries implemented this free choice more gradually, first enabling only large consumers to choose freely and later introducing free choice for all consumers (Steiner, 2000).On December 19, 1996 a Directive of the European Union (96/92/EC) was released considering the privatisation and liberalisation of electricity. Its ultimate objective: "to increase efficiency in the production, transmission and distribution of

The History of Electricity

1230 words - 5 pages ) Volta announced the first artificial electromechanical source of potential difference, in the form of a battery. Today's batteries are refinements of Volta's invention. He also discovered the decomposition of water, which was the beginning of electrochemistry, a branch of science that deals with the production of electricity by chemical energy as in the electric cells or batteries. [IMAGE] Source: Corrosion

To what extent was the policy of deregulation in the energy market responsible for the California electricity crisis?

3761 words - 15 pages the California Electricity market. In this structure the power is generated by wholly private firms which then sell the power to the IOUs for sale and distribution.Effects of DeregulationThe deregulation of the electricity market in effect changed the structure of the market and the IOUs were no longer responsible for the entire process of electricity production, transmission and distribution. One of the key changes was that the power generation

Electricity Policy Reform and Responsible Government in India

1610 words - 6 pages 1980s, the electricity sector was increasingly dissatisfied with low-quality power, high tariffs, and restrictions on private production (Dubash and Sudhir 2001). For all their benefits as part of a centrally planned system, the State Electricity Boards were not simply efficient with such a lack of competition. Problems with bureaucratic inefficiency and corruption also pervade throughout the sector as government bureaucracies are hampered by

A Report and explanation of Hydro-Electric Power.

1156 words - 5 pages the rate of flow.Based on these facts, hydro-electric power plants can generally be divided into two categories. "High head" power plants are the most common and generally utilize a dam to store water at an increased elevation. The use of a dam to impound water also provides the capability of storing water during rainy periods and releasing it during dry periods. This results in the consistent and reliable production of electricity, able to meet

Explain How Solar Power Can Be Used to Produce Electricity

1395 words - 6 pages emitted from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy on the Earth’’ (UCS, 2009). The electrical current can be produced by harnessing the sun’s radiation with two different methods; one is direct conversion of sunlight into electricity using the photovoltaic (PV) system while the other is indirect conversion using the concentrating solar power system (CSP). In this paper, the focus will be on explaining the production of electricity

Impact of Electric Vehicles

1381 words - 6 pages rapidly to meet the end-use electricity demand and goes to idle when wind power is sufficient or excessive in production (Kempton & Dhanju, 2006). However, for large scale installed wind capacity, it is very difficult to utilities to provide backup in short notice of time and it’s relatively increases the cost due to backup provision from other energy sources. 1.1.5 Energy Storage Technologies Energy storage technology is not new and has been

Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants

1458 words - 6 pages production and coal-fired power plant operations. Natural gas production accounts for twenty-four percent and coal-fired power plant operations accounts for seventy-five percent, while the other one percent is caused by other electricity generation operations. The main reason why coal-fired power plants have a higher percentage of emissions is because the sulfur content of coal is much higher than that of other fossil fuels (Jarmaillo et al., 2007

Creative Solution to the Energy Crisis

1543 words - 6 pages purpose. The liquid byproducts can be spread on fields as fertilizer and reduce the need for imported petroleum-based fertilizers (ibid). Cow Power, is the name CVPS has given to the digestion of methane, generated by anaerobic digestion of cow manure to produce electricity. Ironically, this type of energy production utilizes the waste produced by one the more wasteful industries in the country. On average 800-1200 kWh of energy is

Fossil Fuels and Alternative Energy

945 words - 4 pages .). How Fossil Fuels Produce Energy The first step in turning fossil fuel in to electricity is burning the fossil fuel in a broiler. Water circulating throughout the broiler is heated and then converted to steam. The next step is piping the stream into a compartment containing a substantially sized turbine. From here, the exhausted steam is sent to a condenser that guides the water back into the broiler. Meanwhile, the pressure of the steam is

Similar Essays

Natural Gas Is A Viable Alternative Energy Source For Electricity Production

2921 words - 12 pages alternative energy is the ideal source of electricity, but many argue about the available technology and efficiency of these sources. Many believe extracting unconventional natural gas sources would greatly benefit the United States in terms of limiting foreign oil dependency and providing a clean energy source, while others argue that cleaner coal technology is needed. The United States’ total natural gas production comes from four sources: gas

The Story Of Electricity Essay

1993 words - 8 pages increasing in demand. However, electricity can also be a curse as it has great disadvantages. Firstly, electricity is expensive for both the building of power plants and production of electricity. Secondly, there is limited space for building electric plants. Thirdly, a huge length of electrical wires are required in order to reach the homes of individuals., Fourthly, there is a need to produce more electricity due to the growing population

Electricity Policy Reform And Responsible Government In India

1676 words - 7 pages . Its centralized control over the sector remains largely intact and is directly accountable by the government to the people, thus indicative of a responsible government. With an annual population growth of 1.3 percent (United Nations 2013), India’s energy needs are growing, especially in regards to electricity. Because new energy gains require multiples of power use, for the Indian economy to expand, electricity production has to rise more

Nuclear Steam Waste Reused Essay

826 words - 3 pages Over the past 40 years[1], Ontario has gone from its early experimental stages of using nuclear energy to commercializing and powering our homes. Nuclear energy has proven too been safe, easy to harness, reliable and most importantly it emits zero greenhouse gases. Nuclear energy remains controversial and has several deficiencies; one of the areas of major concern is the low ratio of electricity production to the amount of thermal energy