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Electromagnetism: Physics, Science 1 Investigation. Essay

990 words - 4 pages

IntroductionThe term magnet is defined as, an object made of a ferromagnetic material such as iron, with domains that are aligned one way. Thus, it has poles and a magnetic field around it. Magnets or electromagnets whose effect can be switched on and off are used in many electric machines. When any current flows, it produces a magnetic field.Were it not for the Earth's magnetic field, all life on the planet would be killed off by cosmic radiation and cease to exist.The creation and destruction of magnets is relatively easy to carry out. To create a magnet, a magnetic material (e.g. steel), and a solenoid are required.Place the steel into the solenoid, connect to a direct current supply, and turn on. Then switch off the supply and a magnet is produced.To destroy the magnet, use an alternating current. Use a solenoid as before, however, this time, first turn on the current and then push the magnetic material through the solenoid. Then switch off the supply and the magnet is destroyed.Hammering a magnet also is destructive and affects its power.This is an investigation into the factors, which increase the strength of an electromagnet.All the work will be carried out in the laboratory.Variables that affect the strength of an electromagnet are: -Strength of Current;Number of coils on the solenoid;Distance between the coils;Internal energy of the apparatus; andInternal energy of the surroundings;EXPERIMENT 1The mass of Panel pins lifted Vs the increase in current.APPARATUSSolenoid;Power-pack;Variable resistor;Ammeter;Panel pins;Iron rod;Electronic scales andTwo glass containers.DIAGRAMThe InvestigationMETHOD(1) Make a solenoid of forty coils.(2) Use a current of 0.5A..(3) Set up apparatus as shown in the diagram.(4) Put power pack on direct current.(5) Put some Panel pins into a glass container.(6) Switch on the power supply.(7) Put the iron rod into the glass container and allow the panel pins to "stick" to the rod. Thenas slowly and as gently as possible, lift up the iron rod ignoring the odd panel pins that fall offand place in the second glass beaker.(8) Then turn off the power supply .(9) Collect, measure and record the mass; deduct the weight of the glass container from this tocalculate the mass of the panel pins that were lifted.(10) Repeat the above, five times.(11) Increasing the current by 0.5A each time, repeat steps 1 to 10 above..EXPERIMENT 2The mass of panel pins lifted Vs increase in the number of coilsAPPARATUSSolenoid,(Direction) Compass,Power-pack,Variable resistor,Ammeter,1 Meter ruler andIron rod.DIAGRAMThe InvestigationMETHOD(1) Make a solenoid of five coils.(2) Use a current of 3A.(3) Set up apparatus as shown in the diagram.(4) Put the power pack on direct current.(5) Put some Panel pins into a glass container.(6) Switch on the power supply.(7) Put the iron rod into the glass container and allow the panel pins to "stick" to the rod. Thenas slowly and as gently as possible, lift up the iron rod ignoring the odd panel pins...

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