This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Electronoc Medical Records And Genomic Information

868 words - 4 pages

The Electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) Network is a National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)–funded consortium which has been developing tools and practices for the utilization of electronic medical records (EMR) and genomic information towards patient healthcare. As collaborative effort between 9 different centers, eMERGE is targeted towards the utilization of phenotypic information to find out causative factors for genetic disorders, pharmacogenomics studies, predisposition of individuals to certain conditions such childhood obesity, autism and the integration of the results genetic studies into EMRs [1].
Any study of such a nature requires that the quality of data found in both the EMR and the genetic repository meet a certain level of uniformity and quality. This can be a challenge for most EMR systems. There is an inherent variation in the EMRs due to different styles of implementation of the EMR systems, difference in data recording styles of different physicians and the variations due to disease requirements for the patients. In addition to these, there is a large amount of medical information captured as free notes. The processing of such information requires natural language processing which is still in the research arena. The area is not mature enough to guarantee uniform and good quality information to facilitate clinical decision support systems [2]. To give good phenotypic information for genetic studies, and integrated EHR needs to have information regarding the mutations present in an individual and also the family history, though the family member may not exhibit the clinical syndrome [2]. Such details however may not be available in most EHR systems today. The size of the genetic data is an additional complication in the integration.
Apart from potentially being very large, an additional attribute of next-generation sequencing genomic data is that it has uneven depth of coverage and hence data regarding the quality of the data need to be stored. A way to reduce the complexity of genomic data is to process it to a set of variants or even further to a list of known pathologic variants and thus only store variants or selected variants [3]. This solution however poses some specific requirements on the structure of the EHR to accommodate the integration of genetic test. For example, it must be possible for the EHR to store the various components of the results (the gene, protein/nucleotide variant, single nucleotide polymorphism, copy-number variant etc.) in a discrete computable format. They should be suitable for interoperability, data transfer and updation as the tests evolve. This solution also poses an additional challenge of dealing with false positives and false negatives being generated with the...

Find Another Essay On Electronoc Medical Records and Genomic Information

TOWARDS INTEGRATED MEDICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN MALAYSIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

1150 words - 5 pages Liow in Local Pharmacy News (2011) by implementing the electronic medical records the Malaysian government hospitals can share the information thereby speeding up medical services and patients will have shorter waiting time and faster diagnosis of illness as the nation’s healthcare system and medical data of both outpatients and inpatients are computerized. At the first phase of computerizing medical records, it is expecting that at least 20

National Health Information Network and What it means to the Modern Day Medical Facility

532 words - 2 pages medical information throughout their lifetime. (Rubin, 2009) The NHIN is a plan proposed by the United States Government to modernize and improve the privacy and security of patient’s health information. This is vital to all health care organizations to not only keep our patients, physician and all medical staff informed of a patience medical files and health records, but to also maintain the security of their information on a confidential network

The Differences Between an Electronic Medical Record and Clinical Information Systems

687 words - 3 pages Discussion A Describe the difference between EMR and Clinical Information Systems (CIS). What are the advantages and disadvantages of CIS’s? EMR is an electronic record of patient health information that is created by each encounter in any healthcare setting (Menachemi & Collum, 2011). Information in the EMR includes patient progress notes, medications, problems, vital signs, immunizations, laboratory and radiology reports and past medical

How Geographic Information System and Geospatial Technology Changed the Medical Landscape

1251 words - 6 pages could never solve or determine. Geospatial Technology has become an essential competency for a large number of Health Professionals over the past few decades and has provided them with necessary and beneficial information to expand and improve their efforts. Even though it has definitely been a huge asset in the medical world, there are still looming diseases and illnesses that have taken countless lives that Geospatial Technology has not been

A Medical Information Recommender System for Disease Prediction and its Treatment

1834 words - 8 pages and breast cancer. They used dierent algorithms for predicting dierent diseases. III PROPOSED WORK In this paper, we are suggesting a medical information recommender system for disease prediction and its treatment. We have used a relative learning step on the proposed system. The other feature of this system will be its cure time prediction. Our system follows the procedure given in the owchart in Figure.1. Figure 1. Flow Chart A. Reading

Medical Experiments of WWII Gives information and an ethical view of some Medical Experiments in WWII, including Nazi Hypothermia Tests, and Biological Warfare of the Japanese

1843 words - 7 pages Russians and Chinese during the Sino-Japanese war and World War II.When the War ended in 1945, there was many Unit 731 research facilities located in places now known as China and Russia. These facilities were destroyed by the Japanese in a move to hide the information on Biological Warfare but some were captured and the retrieval of much biological research information conducted by the Japanese were taken by the Russians and Americans. The

Consequentialist Ethics: Mozi

1531 words - 6 pages ] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Protecting Personal Health Information in Research: Understanding the HIPAA Privacy Rule. 2004. [2] Foster C. The ethics of medical research on humans. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2001. [3] Ethical Research Group. Ethical Issues in Health Research: A manual for Introductory training. India: 2007. [4] Gjerris M, Nielsen MEJ, Sandoe P. The Good, the Right and the Fair: An introduction to

Information Technology in Clinical Research

2046 words - 8 pages • Capabilities for information technology to handle the gradually increased and/or changed regulatory requirements Genetic and genomics research can be divided in three phases. The first phase involves gathering “accurate clinical data (‘phenotype’) and samples of DNA (‘genotype’)” (Association of American Medical Colleges, 2002) through clinical information access. Electronic medical records from routine care can be considered as a useful resource

Research proposal on Genome Organization of a Rhizobacteria

857 words - 4 pages containing all the genetic information in a single replicon. 2. To develop a web-based computational system to collect, analyze, centralize, and integrate genomic and related data and bibliographic information. 3. To manipulate the bacteria through Genetic engineering process so that they enhance plant association and soil nutrition and phytoremediation degradative pathway in future. 4. The study of genome sequence will provide the basis for a

health tech review

737 words - 3 pages , transcribed from an electronic tablet or notebook computer, or in some other manner. From its inception, all data are captured electronically. The information is then transferred to a server or host environment, where it is then stored electronically.” (p. 678) Another term for electronic medical records is electronic health record or EHR. In my own experience I have worked with electronic and paper medical records. In my own experience electronic

The Tree of life: Genetic Sequencing and Evolutionary Biology

1963 words - 8 pages the formation of early life and the development of new species (Hudson, 2008). As the complexity and sheer amount of genomic information grows so to will our understanding of the evolution of life on Earth. References Delsuc, F., Brinkmann, H., Philippe, H. (2005). Phylogenomics and the reconstruction of the tree of life. Nature Publishing Group: Nature Reviews Genetics, 6:361-375. Dobzhansky, T. (1973). Nothing

Similar Essays

Electronic Medical Records And Charting Essay

2201 words - 9 pages Electronic Medical Records and Charting Today’s healthcare is changing, and more hospitals are commencing to go paperless using computers for both medical records and charting. Computers are widely accepted, in personal and professional settings. It is an essential requirement for computer literacy. Numerous advances in technology during the past decade require that nurses not only be knowledgeable in nursing skills but also to become

Patients' Rights And Access To Medical Records

1010 words - 4 pages Patients' Rights and Access to Medical Records The confidentiality of patient visits and medical records are essential in providing the highest quality of health care. Under penalty of law, a patient's medical records or any other information regarding the patient may only be released with his or her authorization. Exceptions to this are certain cases specified by law for example, health care providers are required to report certain

Electronic Business Systems And Electronic Medical Records Looking To The Future

1574 words - 6 pages the health needs of our citizens (L., and S.). Using electronic medical records is in everyone’s best interests. In the hospitals that use electronic medical records, medical staff members have more time to spend working with patients because the electronic system works much faster and save a lot of time. The information on these records is instantly updated and there is no delay waiting for hand-written notes to be transcribed into a health

The Electronic Medical Record System And Computerizing Health Records In Five Years

2011 words - 8 pages the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. As a nation, we are all trying to move towards a more unified health care system. Having all medical records under an EMR system would help us more towards this goal. Here are the advantages and also some disadvantages of using an EMR system in a health facility. Benefits Having an EMR system in a health practice has many advantages. One of the advantages of implementing an EMR system is being