Points I will cover in this essay are :Summery of the US Judicial System,standard organizational system and issues and challenges that faces each component system. The three component of US justice police, courts and corrections organization and administration work diligently and effortless to deliver the optimal fairness to much extent .How the three component of the US justice system deliver fairness is sometimes questionable. The three parts of the criminal justice system operate together under the rule of law and principal means of maintaining the rule of law within society.
Now its time to study each component system's organization and administration: what is the standard organizational structure for police,courts and correction?
police organization structure :
The following seven elements are the core dimensions of a police organization structure.(Adapted from Langworthy and Maguire):
1-Vertical Differentiation :The nature of the hierarchy, including the number of command layers and the social distance between layers.
2-Occupational Differentiation : The difference between employees specialized occupational skills.
3-Functional Differentiation:The degree to which the organization divides its work into specialized. The bigger the organization is the more divisions of functional differentiated they are .
4-Spatial Differentiation:The spread of the organization within its jurisdiction. Police agencies with a single headquarters facility are less spatially differentiated than those with precinct houses, substations, and other offices located within neighborhoods.
5-Administrative Intensity:The proportion of employees assigned to administrative support functions (like human resources or computing) as opposed to core tasks such as patrol or investigations.
6-Formalization:The extent to which an organization relies on formal written policies and procedures rather than informal guidelines such as tradition or friendship.
7 Centralization:The extent to which decisions within an organization are concentrated at the top of the hierarchy.
Police Org. structure consists from the following:Highest in ranks from top to bottom.
Chief of police/police commissioner/superintendent/sheriff
Deputy Chief of police/Deputy Commissioner/Deputy Superintendent/undersheriff(Administrators)
United states courts organizational structure have three dimensions: 1-Local. 2-State. 3-Federal .
Now lets start with state courts, there are three types of courts in state level : State high court(State supreme court,intermediate court (court of appeals) and Lower trial courts such as courts of general jurisdiction and courts of limited jurisdiction.
Federal level of courts: This level have many components and the most important...