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Eli Whitney And The Cotton Gin.

1120 words - 4 pages

ELI WHITNEY AND THE COTTON GINThe Industrial Revolution is mostly remembered for its replacement of manual labor with the textile industry. Machineries were one of the most important aspects of the Industrial Revolution ((Encarta Online Encyclopedia). During the Industrial Revolution there were many inventions. The cotton gin was probably one of the most important of them all.Eli Whitney was born in Westborough, Massachusetts on December 08, 1765 (Encarta Encyclopedia). As a small boy growing up in Massachusetts, Whitney's mechanical skills never went un-noticed. Whitney made his first violin when he was 12 and established his own nail-making business by the time he was a teenager (Hurt, R. Douglas 297).In 1792, Whitney moved to Savannah, Georgia for a teaching job, and found out the job was already filled. He then met Mrs. Catherine Littlefield Greene, a widow of a war hero, General Nathanael Greene (Hurt 297). Whitney at this time was offered by Mrs. Greene to be a guest while he studied law there, He agreed (Hurt 297). Whitney decided to start fixing up things around the house for his re-payment of her kindness (Hurt 297). His work did not go un-noticed in the eyes of Mrs. Greene either. While discussing the green seed cotton with others and how they could not grow it well enough for profits because of the time it took to clean the seeds out of the fibers (Hurt 297). Mrs. Greene announced, "Mr. Whitney can make a machine to clean it" (Hurt 297). By April 1793 Whitney had invented the first cotton gin in America (Encarta).Whitney's cotton gin, was also called a saw gin it consisted of four parts: (1) a hopper to feed the cotton into the gin (2) a revolving cylinder studded with hundreds of short wire hooks, closely set in ordered lines to match fine grooves cut in (3) a stationary breastwork that strained out the seed while the fibre flowed through; and (4) a clearer, which was a cylinder set with bristles, turning in the opposite direction, that brushed the cotton from the hooks and let it fly off by its own centrifugal force (Britannica Encyclopedia and Encarta 641).The cotton gin was mainly invented to end the tedious process of separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds by hand (Microsoft Encarta). This process was time consuming and "labor-intensive" it made the process of growing cotton really hard and uneconomical (Microsoft Encarta). When Whitney invented the cotton gin it made a great impact on the southern United States (Encarta). Cotton had become one of the most important crops in the South (Encarta).The process of the cotton when it arrives at the cotton gin is as follows: its suck through pipes and placed in a truck or trailer, sometimes it even goes through a drier first to reduce the moisture (Encarta). Then it goes through an equipment to remove sticks, dirt, and etc. It is then moved to the gin stand where the lint is separated from the seeds (Encarta). After the separation of the seeds the lint is tightly packed in bales...

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