Elicitation Of Words And Phrases In Hebrew

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A report on Elicitation of words and phrases in Hebrew
Introduction:
Today the Hebrew language has developed into a modernized version of itself compared to its ancient biblical roots. The Hebrew language is considered one of the Semitic branchs of the Afro-Asiatic family (Frost, 2006). It was first emerged around the late 11th or early 10th century BCE and took the form of the Gezer calendar. The script is named Old Hebrew; it is hardly perceptible from the Phoenician from where it mainly originated (Green, 2004). Hebrew is said to be the dominant official language of Israel, along with Arabic and English (Frost, 2006). There are nearly five million people who speak Hebrew in Israel. As any other language, Hebrew has two main dialects: the Europeanized dialect that is spoken by the Ashkenazi Jews of European descent and is strongly influenced by Yiddish and the Oriental dialect that is spoken by the Sephardi Jews whose ancestors came from Middle Eastern countries.
The Hebrew language lacked many words that were needed to relate to the modern world because it was not spoken for centuries; as a result, many new words had to be added. Modern Hebrew words were created from existing roots, the meaning of existing words was expanded to deal with new emerging concepts, and a large number of words were borrowed from other languages, such as Arabic, Yiddish, German, Russian, and other European languages to make the Hebrew language more complete and versatile. Although not dominant in Western countries, Hebrew is spoken by nearly all of the 7.3 million people in Israel as either a first or second language. As one can see, the ever-expanding language is more dominant in the Middle East.
The Hebrew spoken language has evolved over centuries of use and may be more dominant than its writing system because the writing system has fractured into two scripts: Old Hebrew and Aramaic. The Hebrew writing system is derived from the Aramaic Phoenician-inspired script because of its popularity in the Middle East. Like Arabic, Hebrew is written horizontally from right to left. At that time, Hebrews started writing in Aramaic for every day use and restricted the Old Hebrew script for religious use. The Aramaic script became popular as the Jewish script, and because of the shape of its letters, it also became known as "square script." (Green, 2004) The Hebrew alphabet is made up of 22 consonants, 5 of which are written in a different form if they appear at the end of a word. (Bentin, & Feldman, 1990). Research has shown that the Modern Hebrew text has developed with very unique characteristics; both handed-written and printed, it consists of consonants, spaces and western punctuation. (Ravid, 2001).
Another unique characteristic of the Hebrew language is its well-known revival that officially started in 1903. Ben Yehuda and many others paved the way by founding the Language Council and its three main objectives: 1) to collect words from Biblical, Talmudic,...

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