Emancipation And The Freedmen’s Bureau Essay

2781 words - 11 pages

The American Civil War was a chaotic and bloody conflict for the United States. While the Civil War was not strictly fought over slavery, it was a central factor. At the outbreak of the war, there were approximately four million slaves in the Union. With Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, those slaves were declared free men. However a large majority of those slaves were located in territory held by the Confederacy, and it was not until the end of the conflict that that these men and women actually saw their freedom. Lincoln had put serious consideration into how to go about ending slavery, but had not fully developed the logistical aspect of what would happen to these men and women after the war. It was not until 1865 that the Union addressed this issue through the creation The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. This Freedmen’s Bureau as it came to be known was a necessary and logical solution to the problem of how to aid recently freed slaves in the transition from slavery to freedom in the South, however, in many regards it often came up short of its goals.
There were months of contention leading up to the civil war, much of it surrounding the Republican candidate in the 1860 election Abraham Lincoln and his opposition to the expansion of slavery into the western territories. When Lincoln won the election tensions had reached their breaking point. Before Lincoln could deliver his inaugural address seven southern states had announced their succession from the Union, forming The Confederate States of America on March 4, 1861. Official conflict began April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. The American Civil War had begun, before it was over four more slave states would join the Confederacy, and over six hundred thousand men from both sides would lose their lives.
At the outbreak of the war, there were just fewer than four million slaves in the United States. A large majority of these slaves worked on farms and plantations in the Confederacy. The treatment of these slaves often varied. Some slaves were treated well, and although considered property, allowed certain rights and responsibility. Many slaves were not so fortunate, and the South the treatment of salves was often harsh and degrading. Whipping, beatings, and abuse were commonplace. Literacy was generally forbidden in an effort to hinder hopes of escape or rebellion. Some states would also prohibit slaves from holding religious gatherings because they feared that such meetings could also lead to rebellion. Another harsh reality of slave life was the separation of slaves from their families. In a letter to her husband, Maria Perkins a slave from Augusta County Virginia writes “I write you a letter to let you know of my distress my master has sold albert[sic] to a trader on monday[sic] court day and myself and other child is for sale… bought albert[sic] and is gone I dont kow whare[sic] they say he lives”. It was not uncommon for...

Find Another Essay On Emancipation and the Freedmen’s Bureau

The American Reputation for Fair Play, by Victor Rauly Haya de la Torre and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics

1089 words - 4 pages Response Paper Reaction to “The American Reputation for Fair play:” Victor Raul Haya de la Torre and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics Victor de la Haya was once a celebrated Peruvian politician. He is remembered primarily as an advocate for democracy and workers' rights in Peru. Haya was often viewed as a great political reformer, who tried very hard to change the way the country was governed. In 1923, Haya is most known for establishing the

Emancipation in The Awakening and “The Yellow Wallpaper” - BMCC, English 201 - Essay

1539 words - 7 pages , because separation from the thinking world is the only way to obtain complete freedom in a domineering male-ruled society. The topic of women’s emancipation and empowerment is especially interesting in Chopin’s and Gilman’s works because each protagonist has to fall back upon extreme means to attain it. Chopin’s Edna Pontellier, even after leaving her husband’s house, still does not feel contented and has to resort to drowning herself to

Metaphors from Slavery to Post Emancipation: An Exploration of “the Loophole of Retreat” and “the Veil”

2013 words - 9 pages of slave owners and added fuel to the fire for abolitionists. From 1861, when Incidents was written, to 1903, when Souls was written, major events had happened. In 1861, the American Civil War began and in 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. These events were huge because most slaves during that time believed that when the government gave them freedom it would benefit them. Much of Souls questions the progress of black

Why President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and what it meant

668 words - 3 pages During his election campaign and throughout the early years of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln denied the rumor that he would make an attack on the issue of slavery. At the outbreak of Civil War fighting, he pledged to 'restore the Union, but accept slavery where it existed. Over time however, Lincoln changed his views on the issue and finally issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862 after seeing emancipation as a war

WATER RESOURCE CONSERVATION IN HEADWATER AREA FUNDED BY A CITY: THE A CENTURY- LONG CASE STUDY OF YOKOHAMA WATERWORKS BUREAU FOREST AND DOSHI VILL

1275 words - 6 pages After implementing the FMP, planting and cutting were greatly dropped. Figure 5 shows cutting volume. Harvesting fuelwood in the coppice forest already stopped in 1960’s. Coppice forest is mainly composed of some kinds of oaks, and is regenerated with fresh shoots from the stumps of trees after harvesting fuelwood is done. And both coniferous and broad leafed timber declined around 1990. Planting area followed almost the same trends. After 1995

Reconciles Lincoln's emancipation proclamation and the quote " In I am not nor never have been in favor of bringing about in any way, the social and political equality of the white and black races..."

886 words - 4 pages inferior, that I as much as any other white man am in favor of the superior position being assigned to the white man" (Lincoln). Although this statement proves to be the opposite of his previous approaches on the issue while he was in the North, it can be proven valid through examples of his political actions such as the Emancipation Proclamation.Stated in the Emancipation Proclamation, first issued and discussed on September 22, 1862, Lincoln

They Say: Ida B. Wells and the Reconstruction of Race, by James W. Davidson. Ida B. Wells as a parallel to African Americans trying to gain empowerment in post-emancipation America

1412 words - 6 pages two diaries, a travel journal, and an autobiography, recorded the personal struggle of a woman to define womanhood during post-emancipation America. The novel, They Say: Ida B. Wells and the Reconstruction of Race , provides an insight into how Ida B. Wells's life paralleled that of African-Americans trying to gain citizenship and empowerment in post-slavery America.From the beginning, Ida B. Wells was shaped by firm moral convictions and

The Bible and the church have been the greatest stumbling blocks in the way of woman's emancipation

847 words - 3 pages The Bible and the church have been the greatest stumbling blocks in the way of woman's emancipation.A famous 19th century feminist named Elizabeth Cady Stanton voiced this about her struggle for women's freedom.Women, considered a lower class than the men, wanted this subjugation changed. Part of the reason for the subjugation ofwomen is that the Bible could be interpreted in many different ways to suit the needs of the interpreter

The Demystification of the Freedmen's Bureau

1252 words - 5 pages The role of the Freedmen Bureau in African-American development during the Reconstruction era has been a polarizing topic since the Bureau’s inception. While most concur that the Bureau was well intended, some scholars, believe that the Freedmen’s Bureau was detrimental to African-American development. One such scholar was W.E.B. Dubois, who in his book The Souls of Black Folk, expressed his discontent with the actions of the Bureau and

African Americans During Reconstruction

628 words - 3 pages their children to obtain the education that they had been denied. Congress created the Freedmen’s Bureau. The Bureau established hospitals and institutions of higher learning such as Fisk University and Hampton University. One of the most difficult challenges of the Bureau was instituting a judicial system that would be fair to both blacks and whites. The Bureau assisted other organizations in the North in establishing schools for blacks. Many slaves

Life for Black People After 1865

1260 words - 5 pages Life for Black People After 1865 The Civil war finally ended in 1865 but did life really improve for the Blacks there after? In this essay I am going to give evidence for and against to support whether or not life did improve. I will discuss the new organisations that arose such as the Ku Klux Klan and the Freedmen’s Bureau, As well as the blood and gore side of things. Why did they use such terrible methods of murder

Similar Essays

Abraham Lincoln And The Emancipation Essay

839 words - 4 pages depended on slaves, and it was overall for the betterment of America. The issue of slavery separating the government into two sides was not effective for America. He was trying to prevent future generations of representatives from arguing over this issue, because it does not help the country get better. The North knew that during the war it would not matter, but they disconnected the South to its economic catalyst. He was named ‘The Great Emancipator’ because of the actions he took in office. He did not have just the emancipation of slaves, but he emancipated the country from the arguing and segregation that slavery bought.

Abraham Lincoln And The Emancipation Proclamation Us History Essay

668 words - 3 pages INTRODUCTION On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed a document that declared all slaves in confederate states “forever free.” His bold decision to write and enact the Emancipation Proclamation changed the course of the Civil War and led to a nation that was truly “a more perfect union.” HISTORY OF THE LAW When the American Civil War (1861-65) began, President Abraham Lincoln carefully framed the conflict as concerning the

The History Of And Employment With The Federal Bureau Of Investigations

1519 words - 7 pages its earliest days, the FBI has taken on many different roles. The bureau can now tackle drug trafficking and international crimes. Today, the FBI can employ about 11,400 Special Agents, and about 16,400 Professional Support Personnel. These employees can work out of fifty-six different field offices, and forty-four Legal Attaché offices. The Legal Attaché office is one that is located in a foreign country. Those who dream of joining the FBI at

Title The Emancipation Proclamation. This Essay Provides The Actual Reasons And Real Effects Of The Emancipation Proclamation On The Matter Of Slavery

923 words - 4 pages that the extraordinary pressure of the war was gradually destroying the institution of slavery, even without legal emancipation. Lincoln moved slowly and cautiously nonetheless. On March 13, 1862, the federal government forbade all Union army officers to return fugitive slaves, therefore terminating the fugitive slave laws. On April 10, on Lincoln's initiative, Congress declared the federal government would compensate slave owners who freed their