Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

2539 words - 10 pages

Embryonic stem cells carry definitive traits that can treat diseases, and furthermore potentially carry the capacity to save lives. They provide an array of medical benefits, and consequently are moral to use for treatment and research. They can be used to cure diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, traumatic spinal cord injury, Duchene’s muscular dystrophy, heart disease, and even vision and hearing loss (Bethesda). Also, embryonic stem cells can be used in diverse ways to inform our understanding of human development and disease, formulate new therapies, and screen for new therapeutic compounds (Shevde). Although current knowledge of embryonic stem cells and procedures has inhibited doctors to consistently and effectively treat or cure patients on a daily basis, expectations are soaring at a very steady rate; as time and money is the only entity inhibiting further discoveries and new treatments. There is no problem using embryonic cells for medical purposes and it is not immoral to use them for this reason. Embryonic cells emit the potential to save lives. Therefore, the benefits of using embryonic cells outweighs the ethical issues.
Unlike stem cells, embryonic stem cells comprise the propensity to transform into various cell types; they are pluripotent (Bethesda). Embryonic stem cells are taken out in the early stages of life; within a week or so (Lillge). They are thought to plaster much greater developmental potential than stem cells (Bethesda). To fully understand what embryonic cells are, it is necessary to attain an understanding of how they’re retrieved and what they’re composed of. Embryonic stem cells come from eggs that have been fertilized by in-vitro, which implies created artificially inside a type of glass tube.
When fertilization is successful, the sperm head carrying the nucleus enters the egg. The egg divides first into two cells, then into four. Finally, a multicellular ball of cells known as a blastocyst is formed. Inside the blastocyst is a hollow ball, which includes the embryonic stem cells which can be retrieved with a pipette; a small glass tube used to transport a measured volume of liquid, and transferred to a dish. Next, the embryonic stem cells divide and the cell mass grows (Sumanas). Finally, groups of cells may develop properties of mature bone cells, or of pancreatic cells. Others develop into muscle cells that can contract and into nerve cells. Pluripotency is one of two key aspects of embryonic stem cells. The second key feature of embryonic stem cells is their ability to divide or self renew for an indefinite period, while retaining their pluripotent state (Sumanas).
Retrieving embryonic cells is moral because they can be used for medical purposes and potentially save lives. “For the destruction of life to be immoral, the destruction must be deliberate and the life that is destroyed must be a moral human being,” says Patrick Stephens. Similar to the saying-if the end...

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