The main idea of this paper is to discuss the sexual and reproductive health
of Latin American immigrants in Madrid, briefly approaching three different questions: do they believe that there are differences about sexual and reproductive health issues between what they lived in their countries and Spain?; are they having different behaviors in Spain than in their origin countries and, if so, which ones?; and finally, what do they perceived about sexual health services and access in Spain?
Regular Latin American immigrant's sexuality in Europe has been rarely addressed
by researchers. Even the known importance of irregular migration sexuality studies, because of the risks and ...view middle of the document...
The framework in this research is based in the socio ecological theory of
development, which will be used as the base for the analysis (along with the social construction and gender theories). The Ecological Theory is not being probed in this research; it is limited to be an organizing tool. The interview guide that we use tried to include all the systems in the theory (macro, micro, meso, exo, and crhono5), and their probable relations through different issues, which will correspond to one or more systems. However, even the theory would not define the study, it contributes to the design.
Grounded theory interprets data from the reality of the individual, and it can be
understand under the social construction of reality, according to Berger and Luckman6. Also, it is directly related with the concept of sexuality as a social construction. Weeks3 emphasis, when talking about the social construction of sexuality, that "sexuality is not a given fact, it is a product of negotiation, struggle, and human actions"(pp 30).
Emerging adulthood was proposed in 2000 by Jeffrey Arnett,2 to described the
group of people aged 18 -29 years old. The theory basically includes 5 principles that can change between countries due to cultural backgrounds: instability (work, love, education); exploration of identity; Self-focus on personal goals; feeling in between (adult-adolescent); high hopes for the future, positives ideas.
It has been argued that not all young people can live this stage because not
everyone in the world has the chance to decide about their futures, for example in countries where girls and boys are marrying very young,7 or socioeconomic problems inside culture groups may cause adolescents to start adult life's earlier,
as working for living without chances of travelling, changing ideas of what they
want to do with their lives, and having children at a very young age.7 This last issue has been changing in developed countries for the last decades, and it´s slowly happening in some Latin American countries. The Population Reference Bureau data shows that the average age of marriage in Latin American countries for men is around 25 and 22 for women, in my sample few of them are married, some cohabitate, but most of them are single.8
The other two behaviours that I want to address about emerging adulthood are
leaving parents' home and travelling as a finding self-activity where sex is present. Even though in Latin America most people leave home until marriage and do not always have the chance to travel (long time or distances), those who migrate to study a postgrad, to leave loves behind or because they want to experience leaving in another country do have it.
Do they believe that there are differences about sexual and reproductive health
issues between their countries and Spain? Are they having different behaviours than in their origin countries and, if yes, which ones?
Migration has been associated with HIV risk,...