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Emollient Agents Make Our Skin Smoother

910 words - 4 pages

Emollients
Emollients are agents that soften and make the skin smoother. They are also called moisturizers. Emollients are used for dry skin or eczema. When a moisturizer is applied to skin, it covers the skin with a protective layer that reduces the amount of water loss in the skin and prevents dryness. Emollients also prevent the skin form itching and eczema from flaring up.
Are emollients, emulsifiers, and lotions polar or non-polar?
Most lotions contain oil or other non-polar ingredients. They also contain large quantities of water which is polar. The oil in the lotion is emulsified so it can be mixed with the water. But, both ingredients still remain in the lotion which makes it both polar and non-polar. Emulsifiers are used to make the non-polar and polar substances miscible with each other. The hydrophilic head interacts with the water molecules and the hydrophobic end does not interact with water, it interacts with the oil. This is why lotions, emulsifiers, and lotions are both polar and non-polar.
Emulsifiers
Emulsifiers are agents that are capable of creating emulsions. Making an emulsion means to mix two liquids together that are not themselves capable of binding to each other. They can be stabilized be adding emulsifiers. Emulsifiers have two components, the hydrophilic end loves to be in water and the hydrophobic end loves to be in oil. If oil and water are mixed together, they will eventually separate due to their densities, but if an emulsifier is added to the solution, then the hydrophilic head would prefer to be with the water and the hydrophobic tail would prefer to be in the oil. Therefore, the liquids will not separate because the two components are binding them together.
What is in hand a lotion?
Lotion is the most commonly used among all beauty products. There are different types of lotions that are used for many purposes, such as anti-aging, dry skin, protection from sun and many more. They all use different ingredients to meet the needs of their customers, but the most common and main ingredients that are used in lotions are the following:
Water: it is an essential ingredient in lotions. Many people buy lotions thinking that it has special ingredients that will help moisturize their skin, but in fact water is the widely held ingredient in hand lotions.
Oil: oil is another important ingredient in hand lotions. Some lotions use liquid oils and others use solid oils or butters. Avocado, coconut, Shea, and olive oils are some of the most popular oils used in lotions.
Glycerin: it is also known as a humectant. It attracts moisture from the air to the skin and it is also used as a...

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