Emotional And Social Development Essay

1359 words - 5 pages

Every child’s development is distinctive, multipart, and complex. Development comes to pass in five areas. SPICE refers to the five areas of development that all children share. Social, physical, intellectual, creative, and emotional equals SPICE (Early childhood education). Erik Erikson developed a theory of development that considers the impact of external factors from infancy to later life. So, when thinking about early childhood education the one detail that comes to mind is development. Emotional-social development is one aspect of development that is greatly influenced by factors in the environment and the experiences a child has.

Early childhood reveals a distinctive opportunity for the foundation of a healthy development and a time of immense growth and of helplessness. In early childhood, children begin to learn what causes emotions and begin noticing others reactions to these feelings. They begin to learn to manage and control their feelings in self regulation. Emotional self regulation refers to the strategies used to adjust emotions to a contented level so goals can be accomplished. This requires voluntary, effortless management of emotions (Berk, 2007). Promoting young children’s social-emotional development is essential for three interconnected reasons: Positive social-emotional development provides a base for life-long learning; Social skills and emotional self-regulation are integrally related to later academic success in school, Prevention of future social and behavioral difficulties is more effective than later remediation (U.S Department of Health and Human Services). Research on early childhood has highlighted the strength of the first five years of a child’s life on thier social-emotional development. Negative early experiences can damage children’s mental health and effect cognitive, behavioral, social-emotional development (Cooper, Masi, & Vick, 2009).

Erik Erikson, a German psychoanalys, developed a psychosocial theory of development that considers the impact of external factors, parents, and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood (Erikson’s Stages of Development, 2008). In the preschool years children will go through Erikson’s Theory of infant and toddler personality: Trust vs. mistrust – a trusting infant expects the world to be good and gratifying so he feels confident about venturing out and exploring. While, the mistrustful baby cannot count on the kindness and compassion of others, so she protects herself by withdrawing from people and things around her. Trust comes from a warm, sensitive parent and reasonable expectations for impulse control. Without sufficient trust there can be adjustment problems. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt – a self confident secure child is provided with suitable guidance and reasonable choices. While, the parent that is under controlling will produce a shamed and doubtful child in his abilities to control impulses and therefore will act completely on his own...

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