Emotional development ages birth to five
Emotional development of infant
Children grow, and develop at different rates, however most pass through developmental milestones during a predictable period, in order to move forward with developmental stages. Starting from birth babies are learning who they are everyday through interactions with others. From birth until death the interactions a person has with others can affect permanent everyday behaviors. Babies learn through love and guidance. “Loving relationships give infants and young children a sense of comfort, safety, confidence, and encouragement.” (Benorach, MD, 11). Thus help children develop trust, empathy, compassion, and a sense of right and wrong. Newborns are completely dependent on adults for their basic needs, and although unable to directly communicate newborns are able to express their needs through crying. “At six weeks old a baby learns to smile, by smiling the baby is able to signal that he/she wants to interact or play with you” (Berger,2013).
By three months babies start experiencing new developmental stages, they are able to see close objects more clearly, and are able to follow moving objects better. They are also able to begin looking in directions where sounds are coming from. At three moths babies begin learning to make cooing sounds, and will use those sounds to gain attention or response from others. At this stage of development babies cries become less frequent and more specific, (diaper change, hunger, pain), making them easier to identify. At six months a baby will begin babbling, and making “bbb” sounds. At this stage the baby will begin to identify and turn head when you say his/her name, they also start realize that when someone leaves the room that they did not “disappear”. Laughter is developed in this stage as well.
Between seven to nine months baby may begin to be cautious around strangers, and they may make the baby upset when trying to hold them or take them from parent or guardian. At nine to twelve months a lot of developmental stages occur, a baby will begin to recognize words, such as when a parent says “no” or “bye-bye”, it is possible baby will say his/her first word in this stage. During this period, a baby will only want his/her parent figure to take care of their needs and is more hesitant around strangers. “By nine months fear is fully formed, and is in response to something, someone, or certain situations.” (Berger, 2013). Between twelve and twenty-four months a child is able to point and name pictures in book or body parts. He/ she should have a vocabulary of at least fifty words, and by twenty-four months be able to make simple two to three word sentences. By age 3, a quarter of his/her speech should be clear. “At eighteen months anger will become less frequent and more focused on a certain person, or situation. Laughing and crying will become louder and more discriminating, and temper tantrums may...