The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and activities that she spent her life doing. As Hinman (2007) points out, she was likely to reduce in activity if she experienced any dissatisfaction in her endeavors.
Therefore, no matter how much altruism theorists try to argue about the degree of inclination of an action towards non self-interest, the two can never be separated (Hinman, 2007). That is the nature of human behavior that we are all motivated by self interest in any action that we undertake. Hugh (1898) observed that altruism actions are a disguised form of self seeking pleasure nature of human beings. This paper will explore the points that support the theory this theory with expounded explanation that approve the plausibility of psychological egoism theory. It will also look at the old ideas and compare them with the modern ones. This essay will further discuss the psychological egoism theory is descriptive that carries the doctrine that weak side of psychological egoism to enhance objectivity.
Psychological egoism theory is descriptive in nature. It carries the doctrine that every action that is performed by a person has self-interests in it. This is the nature of human beings has a motive that serves the welfare of the agent. People keep their motives hidden from others to serve their interest of maintaining a good name in the community (Hugh, 1898). The theory is closely linked psychological altruism or psychological ecologism, but they differ from each other with a significant degree. In his argument, Hinman (2007) asserts that every action that people engage in is motivated by self-interests or pleasure or direct benefits the agent or to avoid living with guilt in the future. This is the nature of human beings. Even the most altruistic action is in actual sense motivated by the egocentric desire of the actor (Hugh, 1898).
Hugh (1898) further argues that people recognize that they are motivated, in most if not all cases by their need to advance their self-interest. However, when they reflect on this issue, they are mistaken by the urge to believe that the truth is the centrally of this. Actions that are meant to show concern for other people, such as helping the needy are self-satisfying to the actor, and they expect that they will their reputation in the society and obtain returned favors. A good example is that of political aspirant who might engage in a lot of philanthropic activities in his community to win the support of his constituents.
Helping people is a noble thing to do especially when it comes to the...